A comparative study of the complexation of Am(III) and Eu(III) with TODGA in room temperature ionic liquid
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On the growing awareness of the environmental impact associated with the use of volatile organic diluents, room temperature ionic liquid gained world-wild acceptance as environmentally benign diluents for actinide partitioning. The observed unusual behavior of less extraction efficiency of Eu with TODGA in RTIL in comparison with that of Am-TODGA was addressed in this paper. The stoichiometry of Am-TODGA complex was found to be 1:2 while that of Eu-TODGA was 1:1. More the ligand molecules associated in the metal ligand complex, the organophilicity of the complex will be more and the solubility of the metal–ligand complex in RTIL will be more which reflects in the higher distribution ratio for Am. In RTIL both Am and Eu showed slower kinetics of extraction with TODGA which can be attributed to the high viscosity coefficient of RTIL compared to the molecular diluents. The observed slower kinetics of extraction was quantified and found to follow first order kinetics with the rate constant of 5.5 × 10−4 s−1. The formation constant of Am-TODGA complex was found to be more (4.18 × 108 M−1) than Eu-TODGA complex (3.31 × 108 M−1) in RTIL. The parameters viz. diffusion coefficient, activation energy for Eu(III)/Eu(II) were determined and found to be 3.08 × 10−8/cm2 s−1 (at 303 K) and 39.34 kJ mol−1 respectively. The thermodynamic parameters ΔG, ΔH and ΔS for the reaction were evaluated using the linear regression of the plot of E 0* versus T. The redox reaction was found to be exothermic with decrease in entropy value.
KeywordsAmericium Europium Ionic liquid Ion exchange Extraction kinetics Stoichiometry
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