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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 297, Issue 3, pp 399–404 | Cite as

Mineral composition of fruit by-products evaluated by neutron activation analysis

  • Gabriela de Matuoka e Chiocchetti
  • Elisabete A. De Nadai Fernandes
  • Márcio Arruda Bacchi
  • Rogério Augusto Pazim
  • Silvana Regina Vicino Sarriés
  • Thaís Melega Tomé
Article

Abstract

Brazil is one of the largest producers of fruits cropping 40 million tons per year. In agro-food processing, approximately 50 % of raw material is discarded generating large amounts of by-products. The lack of information on the nutritional quality of agroindustrial by-products precludes their potential use in the manufacture of food products accessible to all. In this context, the objective of this work was to investigate the nutritional quality of by-products of the industrial processing of fruits. Samples of bagasse, peel and seeds of several fruits (banana, camu camu, coconut, cupuaçu, guava, jackfruit, mango, orange, papaya, pineapple, and soursop) were analysed by neutron activation analysis for the determination of Br, Ca, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, K, La, Na, Rb, Sc and Zn. In general, higher levels of minerals were found in the by-products rather than in the pulps of fruits. This indicates that the use of the by-products should be encouraged, thereby reducing the economic and environmental impact of waste generated by agroindustrial processing.

Keywords

Minerals Nutrition Fruits Alternative food 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by “Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo” (FAPESP—grant number 2010/14566-8) and “Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico” (CNPq—grant number 559710/2010-0). The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support that has made this work possible.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriela de Matuoka e Chiocchetti
    • 1
  • Elisabete A. De Nadai Fernandes
    • 1
  • Márcio Arruda Bacchi
    • 1
  • Rogério Augusto Pazim
    • 1
  • Silvana Regina Vicino Sarriés
    • 1
  • Thaís Melega Tomé
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Radioisótopos (LRi), Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA)Universidade de São Paulo (USP)PiracicabaBrazil

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