Use of radiometric emanation method in the characterization of anthropogenic glass analogue for vitrification of nuclear waste
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Anthropogenic analogues can be used as one of the sources of information about long-term behaviour of engineered barriers, used for geological disposal of radioactive waste. The radiometric emanation method, based on the measurement of radon release from the solid samples, was used in the study of the alteration of anthropogenic glass analogues for radioactive vitrified waste. The samples were labeled at their surface by a solution containing 228Th and 224Ra,serving as source of 220Rn nuclides. The radon 220Rn nuclides were introduced in the uranium glass samples due to the recoil energy of the α-decay of 228Th and 224Ra nuclides. The man-made uranium glass samples from a locality in the Czech Republic were used. The measurement, based on the release of radon atoms from the samples, was applied to characterize the radon diffusion permeability and microstructure changes of weathered and non-weathered uranium glass samples during heat treatments. The radon diffusion characteristics and microstructure stability of the uranium glass analogue samples were evaluated by using a mathematical model.
KeywordsRadon Diffusion Microstructure U-glass Nuclear waste Radiometric emanation method
The paper was supported by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Czech Republic (Project No. FR-TI1/362).
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