Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 293, Issue 2, pp 587–594 | Cite as

Sorption behavior of cesium and strontium in selected soils of semiarid and arid regions of Iran

  • Rayehe Mirkhani
  • Mohammad Hassan Roozitalab
  • Naser Khaleghpanah
  • Abbas Majdabadi
Article

Abstract

Sorption–desorption phenomena of contaminants by soils are of great importance from the viewpoint of environmental and agricultural concerns. The knowledge of sorption–desorption characteristics of contaminants by soil is useful in simulation and prediction of contaminants, transport and diffusion in soil–water systems and uptake by plants. The adsorption behavior of Cs and Sr on two selected calcareous soils (clay and silty clay loam) with contrasting physical and chemical characteristics was studied in different concentrations of Cs and Sr by a batch method. The selected chemical and physical properties of the soils were determined and the dominant clay minerals of the soils were identified by XRD. Cs and Sr sorption characteristics were determined at 22.5 ± 0.5 °C in the presence of 0.01 M CaCl2. Freundlich isotherms were found to fit well with experimental data obtained for adsorbed Cs and Sr. This experiment showed that using the relative ratio of cations in the soil solution was better index to understand the phenomenon of the adsorption of Sr and Cs in saline-sodic soils. The higher amount of illite and vermiculite clay minerals in the soils contributed significantly to the higher affinity of Cs by the soils.

Keywords

Strontium Cesium Freundlich isotherm Calcareous soils 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their thanks and appreciation to Dr. Hassan Tofighi, Associate Professor, University of Tehran, Department of Soil Science and Dr. Shahin Oustan, Assistant Professor, University of Tabriz, Department of Soil Science for their advice and providing assistance during the course of this study.

References

  1. 1.
    McLean EO, Arscott TG, Volk VV (1960) Adsorption and release of strontium from clays and soils with equilibration, isotopic tracer and plant uptake techniques. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc 24:453–457Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ishikawa NK, Uchida S, Tagami K (2009) Estimation of soil–soil solution distribution coefficient of radiostrontium using soil properties. Appl Radiat Isot 67:319–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xiongxin D, Zuyi T (1999) Effect of carbonates on sorption and migration of radiostrontium in calcareous soil. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 242:727–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chiang PN, Wang MK, Huang PM, Wang JJ, Chiu ChY (2010) Cesium and strontium sorption by selected tropical and subtropical soils around nuclear facilities. J Environ Radioact 101:472–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sparks DL (2002) Environmental soil chemistry, 2nd edn. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hakem NL, Al Mahamid I, Apps JA, Moridis GJ (2000) Sorption of cesium and strontium on Hanford soil. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 246:275–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang X, Rabung T, Geckeis H (2003) Effect of pH and humic acid on the adsorption of cesium onto g-Al2O3. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 258:83–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Frury M, Czigany S, Chen G, Harsh JB (2004) Cesium migration in saturated silica sand and Hanford sediments as impacted by ionic strength. J Contam Hydrol 71:111–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu C, Zachara JM, Qafoku OQ, Smith SC (2003) Effect of temperature on 137Cs sorption and desorption in subsurface at the Hanford site, U.S.A. Environ Sci Technol 37:2640–2645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Twining JR, Payne TE, Itakura T (2004) Soil–water distribution coefficients and plant transfer factors for 134Cs, 85Sr and 65Zn under field conditions in tropical Australia. J Environ Radioact 71:71–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gil-Garcia CJ, Rigol A, Rauret G, Vidal M (2008) Radionuclide sorption–desorption pattern in soils from Spain. Appl Radiat Isot 66:126–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bunde RL, Rosentreter JJ, Liszewski MJ, Hemming CH, Welha J (1997) Effects of calcium and magnesium on strontium distribution coefficients. Environ Geol 32:219–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xiangke W, Wenming D, Jinzhou D, Zuyi T (1999) Sorption and desorption of radiocesium on calcareous soil: results from batch and column investigations. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 240:783–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sparks DL, Page AL, Helmke PA, Leoppert RH, Soltanpour PN, Tabatabai MA, Johnston GT, Sumner ME (1996) Methods of soil analysis. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, pp 739–758Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kunze GW, Dixon JB (1986) Pretreatment for mineralogical analysis. In: Klute A (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. Physical and mineralogical methods. American Society of Agronomy, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Whittig LD, Allardice WR (1986) X-ray diffraction technique. In: Klute A (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. Physical and mineralogical methods. American Society of Agronomy, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Giannakopoulou F, Haidouti C, Chronopoulou A, Gasparatos D (2007) Sorption behavior of cesium on various soils under different pH levels. J Hazard Mater 149:553–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bangash MA (1991) Adsorption of fission products and other radionuclides on inorganic exchangers. Thesis of PhD in chemistry, University of the Punjab, LahoreGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Alessandro Delle Site (2001) Factors affecting sorption of organic compounds in natural sorbent/water system and sorption coefficients for selected pollutants, a review. J Phys Chem Ref Data 30:187–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Price KR (1991) The depth distribution of 90Sr, 137Cs, and 239’240pu in soil profile samples. Radiochim Acta 54:145–147Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rayehe Mirkhani
    • 1
  • Mohammad Hassan Roozitalab
    • 2
  • Naser Khaleghpanah
    • 1
  • Abbas Majdabadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural, Medical and Industrial Research SchoolKarajIran
  2. 2.ICARDA-OfficeTehranIran

Personalised recommendations