Synthesis of O-[2-[18F]fluoro-3-(2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1-yl)propyl]tyrosine ([18F]FNT]) as a new class of tracer for imaging hypoxia
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For detection of hypoxic tumor tissue, all radiotracers synthesized until now, are based on the concept that cellular uptake is being controlled by diffusion. As a new approach, we chose the concept to have the tracer hypothetically transported into the cells by well known carrier systems like the amino acid transporters. For this purpose, radiosynthesis of O-[2-[18F]fluoro-3-(2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1yl)propyl]tyrosine ([18F]FNT]) was carried out from methyl 2-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-3-(4-3-(2-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)-2-(tosyloxy)propoxy) phenyl)propanoate via no-carrier-added nucleophilic aliphatic substitution. After labelling, 81 ± 0.9% of labelled intermediate i.e. methyl 2-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-3-(4-(2-[18F]fluoro-3-(2-nitro-1H-imidazole-1-yl)propoxy) phenyl)propanoate was obtained at 140 °C. At the end of radiosynthesis, [18F]FNT was obtained in an overall radiochemical yield of 40 ± 0.9% (not decay corrected) within 90 min in a radiochemical purity of >98% in a formulation ready for application in the clinical studies for PET imaging of hypoxia.
KeywordsRadiofluorinations p-tyrosine with 2-nitroimidazole Hypoxia imaging
The project was supported by funding of Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) with the grant no. MA 1096/8-1. We also gratefully acknowledge the support by DAAD-HEC (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst-Higher Education Commission, Pakistan; Reference No. 425, Codenumber A/06/19221) with a research grant.
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