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Characterisation of some exotic fruits (Morus nigra, Morus alba, Salvadora persica and Carissa opaca) used as herbal medicines by neutron activation analysis and estimation of their nutritional value

  • Mohammad Wasim
  • Muhammad Daud
  • Mohammad Arif
  • Rameez ul-Islam
  • Sajid Iqbal
  • Yasir Anwar
Article

Abstract

In the under developed countries, the people of far-flung rural areas still depend to a large extent upon herbal medicines. At the foundation of usage of herbal medicine is the experience of thousands of years. The present paper deals with the characterisation of exotic fruits for essential and toxic elements. The samples include Morus nigra, Morus alba, Salvadora persica and Carissa opaca (from low and high altitude). Two standardizations of neutron activation analysis, that is, semi-absolute k 0-instrumental neutron activation analysis (k 0-INAA) and epithermal neutron activation analysis (ENAA) were employed for the quantification of elements. The analysis methodologies were validated by analyzing the IAEA-336 (lichen) and NIST-SRM-1572 (citrus leaves). Sixteen elements including Br, Ca, Cl, Co, Cr, Fe, I, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Rb, Sb, Sc Sr, and Zn were determined in all samples. Daily intakes of various elements from the samples were measured and compared with the dietary reference intakes. Additionally, principal component analysis was performed to extract information regarding samples and elements.

Keywords

k0-INAA ENAA Morus nigra Morus alba Salvadora persica Carissa opaca Minerals Herbal medicine 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Wasim
    • 1
  • Muhammad Daud
    • 1
  • Mohammad Arif
    • 1
  • Rameez ul-Islam
    • 2
  • Sajid Iqbal
    • 1
  • Yasir Anwar
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry DivisionPakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and TechnologyIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.National Institute of Lasers and OptronicsIslamabadPakistan

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