Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 291, Issue 1, pp 95–100 | Cite as

Preliminary study on air pollution source identification in Xinzhen, Beijing, using NAA and PIXE

  • Caijin Xiao
  • Guiying Zhang
  • Donghui Huang
  • Bangfa Ni
  • Cunxiong Liu
  • Yali Qin
  • Hongchao Sun
  • Pingsheng Wang
  • Weizhi Tian


A total of 178 aerosol samples in two size fractions, PM10-2.5 (coarse) and PM2.5 (fine), were collected on nucleopore films using a Gent stacked filter unit sampler at the Graduate School of China Nuclear Industrial Group during May 2007 to November of 2009. Black carbon was determined by a reflectometer. A total of 16 elements, Mg, Al, S, Si, P, Cl, Ca, K, Ti, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As and Pb, were determined by Particle Induced X-ray Emission. Mg, Al, Ca, K and Mn were also determined by Neutron Activation Analysis. Concentrations of all these elements were used to identify possible pollution sources and directions of the airborne particulate matter by means of softwares PMF and CPF. Some extraordinary events, such as sandstorms, firework and transboundary fire smoke were pinpointed by a combination of time series of multielement, relevant meteorological data and softwares Wind rose, Hysplit, and Google earth.


PIXE NAA APM Pollution sources Extraordinary events 



This work has been financially supported in part by IAEA RCA RAS/7/015. The support of the operational personnel in Institute of Low Energy Nuclear Physics, Beijing Normal University is sincerely acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caijin Xiao
    • 1
  • Guiying Zhang
    • 1
  • Donghui Huang
    • 1
  • Bangfa Ni
    • 1
  • Cunxiong Liu
    • 1
  • Yali Qin
    • 1
  • Hongchao Sun
    • 1
  • Pingsheng Wang
    • 1
  • Weizhi Tian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear PhysicsChina Institute of Atomic EnergyBeijingChina

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