Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 286, Issue 2, pp 539–546 | Cite as

Characterization of an extraction chromatographic resin for the separation and determination of 36Cl and 129I

  • Alexander Zulauf
  • Steffen Happel
  • Marcel Bandombele Mokili
  • Aude Bombard
  • Hartmut Jungclas


The monitoring of long-lived radionuclides is of great importance in the context of the surveillance of nuclear facilities, during their operation as well as during their decommissioning. This is especially true for radionuclides of rather volatile elements, such as chlorine and iodine, the main interest being in 36Cl and 129I. Liquid Scintillation Counting (LSC) is a widely used measurement technique especially for the determination of 36Cl that requires a thorough and selective sample preparation in order to give accurate results. Sample preparation methods frequently employed such as volatilization and/or repeated precipitation steps can be rather elaborate and time consuming. Therefore, an attempt has been made to develop an ‘easy to use’ extraction chromatographic resin that allows extraction, and subsequent separation, of chloride and iodide from pretreated environmental and decommissioning samples for their determination via LSC. First results of the characterization of the resin including D w values of Cl, I and potential interferents, and of the method development are presented as well as the result of the analysis of a simulated real sample.


36Cl 129LSC Extraction chromatography Resin Decommissioning Monitoring 


  1. 1.
    LNHB Recommended data (2010) Table of radionuclides. Accessed 20 Apr 2010
  2. 2.
    Rodriguez M, Pina G, Lara E (2006) Radiochemical analysis of Chlorine-36. Czechoslov J Phys 56(Suppl D):211–217Google Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Cecil DL et al (2000) Use of chlorine-36 to determine regional-scale aquifer dispersivity, eastern Snake River Plain aquifer, Idaho/USA. Nucl Instrum Meth Phys Res B 172(1–4):679–687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baxter M et al (2009) A sensitive method for the determination of chlorine-36 in foods using accelerator mass spectrometry. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 26(1):139–144Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Itoh M et al (2002) Determination of 36Cl in biological shield concrete using pyrohydrolysis and liquid scintillation counting. Analyst 127(7):964–966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hou Xiaolin, Østergaard LF, Nielsen SP (2007) Determination of 36Cl in nuclear waste from reactor decommissioning. Anal Chem 79(8):3126–3134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Muramatsu Y, Uchida S, Ohmomo Y (1990) Determination of I-129 and I-127 in soil and tracer experiments on the adsorption of iodine. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 138(2):377–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schmidt A et al (1998) On the analysis of iodine-129 and iodine-127 in environmental materials by accelerator mass spectrometry and ion chromatography. Sci Total Environ 223(2–3):131–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bienvenu P et al (2004) Determination of iodine 129 by ICP-QMS in environmental samples. Can J Anal Sci Spectrosc 49(6):423–428Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yoshida S et al (2007) Determination of the chemical forms of iodine with IC-ICP-MS and its application to environmental samples. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 273(1):211–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kabai E, Vajda N, Gaca P (2003) Simultaneous determination of radioactive halogen isotopes and 99Tc. Czechoslov J Phys 53(Suppl 1):A181–A188CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Zulauf
    • 1
  • Steffen Happel
    • 2
  • Marcel Bandombele Mokili
    • 3
  • Aude Bombard
    • 2
  • Hartmut Jungclas
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiochemistry, Department of ChemistryPhilipps-University MarburgMarburgGermany
  2. 2.TrisKem InternationalBruzFrance
  3. 3.CNRS/IN2P3/Ecole des Mines de NantesUniversité de NantesNantesFrance

Personalised recommendations