Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 285, Issue 3, pp 711–717 | Cite as

Assessment of natural uranium and 226Ra concentration in ground water around the uranium mine at Narwapahar, Jharkhand, India and its radiological significance

  • B. K. Rana
  • R. M. Tripathi
  • S. K. Sahoo
  • N. K. Sethy
  • V. S. Sribastav
  • A. K. Shukla
  • V. D. Puranik


A brief study on dissolved radionuclides in aquatic environment, especially in ground water, constitutes the key aspect for assessment and control of natural exposure. In the present study the distribution of natural uranium and 226Ra concentration were measured in ground water samples collected within a 10 km radius around the Narwapahar uranium mine in the Singhbhum thrust belt of Jharkhand, India in 2007–2008. The natural uranium content in the ground water samples in this region was found to vary from 0.1 to 3.75 μg L−1 with an average of 0.87 ± 0.73 μg L−1 and 226Ra concentration was found to vary from 5.2 to 38.1 mBq L−1 with an average of 13.73 ± 7.34 mBq L−1. The mean annual ingestion dose due to intake of natural uranium and 226Ra through drinking water pathway to male and female adults population was estimated to be 6.55 and 4.78 μSv y−1, respectively, which constitutes merely a small fraction of the reference dose level of 100 μSv y−1 as recommended by WHO.


Natural uranium 226Ra concentration Ground water Ingestion dose 



The authors are thankful to Shri H.S Kushwaha, Director, Health, Safety & Environment Group, BARC, for his keen interest and constant encouragement. The authors express their sincere thanks to Shri R. Gupta, C&MD, UCIL, for extending the infrastructural facilities and support to carry out the work. Authors are thankful to Shri B. L Dandapat and Shri R. K. Mishra for their assistance during the course of the study. Cooperation received from other colleagues is fully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Cothern CR, Lappenbusch WL (1983) Health Phys 45:89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    WHO (1998) Guidelines for drinking water quality, addendum to vol 2. World Health Organization, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kurttio P, Auvinen A, Salonen L, Saha H, Pekkanen J, Makelainen I, Vaisanen SB, Penttila IM, Komulainen H (2002) Environ Health Perspect 110:337Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zamora ML, Tracy BL, Zielinski JM, Meyerhof DP, Moss MA (1998) Toxicol Sci 43:68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lussenhop AJ, Gallimore JC, Sweet WH, Struxness EG, Robinson J (1958) Am J Roentgenol 79:83Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    UNSCEAR (2000) Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. United Nations scientific committee on the effects of atomic radiation, New York, United NationGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    International Commission on Radiological Protection (1993) Age-dependent doses to members of the public from intake of radionuclides: part 2 ingestion dose coefficients. ICRP Publication 67, Annals of the ICRP 23(3/4), Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Keane AT, Mays CW (1987) Radiat Prot Dosim 21:197Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    BEIR (1988) Health risks of radon and other internally deposited alpha-emitters (BEIR IV). National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.CGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kushwaha HS, Puranik VD, Tripathi RM (2007) Role of analytical chemistry in environment and health. In: Proceeding of DAE-BRNS topical symposium on role of analytical chemistry in nuclear technology, p 68Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Raghavayya M, Iyangar MAR, Markose PM (1980) Estimation of 226Ra by emanometry. Bull Rad Protect 3(4):11Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    WHO (2004) Guidelines for drinking-water quality, 3rd edn. World Health Organization, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    USEPA (2003) United States environmental protection agency, current drinking water standards. Ground Water and Drinking Water Protection Agency, pp 1–12Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    International Commission on Radiological Protection (1979) Limits for intake of radionuclides by workers. ICRP Publication 30, Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    WHO (1993) Radiological aspects, guidelines for drinking water quality. World Health Organization, Geneva, pp 114–121Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    EPA (1991) National primary drinking water regulations for radionuclides, proposed rules, vol 56. US Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Register, pp 33050–33127Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Raghavayya M (1999) Secondary limits of exposure in facilities handling uranium. BARC/1999/E/020Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    International Commission on Radiological Protection (1996) Age-dependent doses to members of the public from intake of radionuclides: part 5. Compilation of ingestion and inhalation dose coefficient, Annals of the ICRP 26(1). ICRP Publication 72, Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jia G, Torri G (2007) Appl Radiat Isot 65:849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Singh J, Singh H, Singh S, Bajwa BS (2008) Radiat Meas 43:523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhuo W, Iida T, Yang X (2001) J Environ Radioact 53:111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bomben AM, Equillor HE, Oliveira AA (1996) Radiat Prot Dosim 67:221Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. K. Rana
    • 1
  • R. M. Tripathi
    • 2
  • S. K. Sahoo
    • 2
  • N. K. Sethy
    • 1
  • V. S. Sribastav
    • 1
  • A. K. Shukla
    • 1
  • V. D. Puranik
    • 2
  1. 1.Health Physics Unit, Environmental Assessment DivisionBARCJharkhandIndia
  2. 2.Environmental Assessment DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations