Use of data from environmental sampling for IAEA safeguards. Case study: uranium with near-natural 235U abundance

  • A. Axelsson
  • D. M. Fischer
  • M. V. Peńkin


Environmental sampling (ES) is one of the measures applied in international nuclear safeguards. The detection capability of safeguards ES relies on a combination of highly sensitive analytical techniques and resourceful data evaluation. The evaluation process is dynamic, employing a variety of tools, information and analytical results. While the presence of uranium or plutonium may be a significant finding in itself, high quality isotopic measurements are essential to associate the material with a specific nuclear activity. This is illustrated in cases where the uranium detected appears to be “natural” or “near-natural”, but in fact can be identified with various nuclear processes.


IAEA Nuclear safeguards Environmental sampling Swipe sampling Uranium Isotopic Mass spectrometry Particle analysis 


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)ViennaAustria

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