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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 279, Issue 1, pp 271–280 | Cite as

Thermodynamic parameters and sorption of U(VI) on ACSD

  • R. Donat
  • G. K. Cılgı
  • S. Aytas
  • H. Cetisli
Article

Abstract

This paper discusses the sorption properties for U(VI) by alginate coated CaSO4·2H2O sepiolite and calcined diatomite earth (Kieselguhr) (ACSD). The removal of U(VI) from aqueous solution by sorption onto ACSF in a single component system with various contact times, pH, temperatures, and initial concentrations of U(VI) was investigated. The sorption patterns of uranium on the composite adsorbent followed the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkhevic (D-R) isotherms. The Freundlich, Langmuir, and D-R models have been applied and the data correlated well with Freundlich model and that the sorption was physical in nature (sorption energy, E a = 17.05 kJ/mol). The thermodynamic parameters such as variation of enthalpy ΔH, variation of entropy ΔS and variation of Gibbs free energy ΔG were calculated from the slope and intercept of lnK 0 vs. 1/T plots. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔH ads = 31.83 kJ/mol, ΔS ads = 167 J/mol·K, ΔG o ads (293.15 K) = −17.94 kJ/mol) showed the endothermic heat of sorption and the feasibility of the process. The thermodynamics of U(VI) ion/ACSD system indicates the spontaneous and endothermic nature of the process. It was noted that an increase in temperature resulted in a higher uranium loading per unit weight of the adsorbent.

Keywords

Uranium Alginate Thermodynamic Parameter Sepiolite Versus Initial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Donat
    • 1
  • G. K. Cılgı
    • 1
  • S. Aytas
    • 2
  • H. Cetisli
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and Arts, Department of ChemistryPamukkale UniversityKınıklı-DenizliTurkey
  2. 2.Institute of Nuclear SciencesEge UniversityBornova-İzmirTurkey

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