Design and construction of a facility for neutron activation analysis using the 14 MeV neutron generator at HMS Sultan
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The potential for using a small, sealed tube, DT neutron generator for neutron activation analysis has been well documented but not well demonstrated, except for 14 MeV activation analysis. This paper describes the design, construction and characterization of a neutron irradiation facility incorporating a small sealed tube DT neutron generator producing 14 MeV neutrons with fluence rates of 2·108 s−1 in 4π (steady state) and 1011 s−1 in 4π (pulsed). Monte Carlo modeling using MCNP4c and McBend9 has been used to optimize the design of this facility, including the location of a thermal irradiation facility for conventional neutron activation analysis. A significant factor in designing the facility has been the requirement to conform with Ionising Radiation Regulations and the design has been optimized to keep potential radiation doses to less that 1 μSv/h at the external walls of the facility. Activation of gold foils has been used for flux characterization and the experimental results agree well with the modeling.
KeywordsNeutron Activation Analysis Neutron Generator Gold Foil Beam Port MCNP Simulation
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