Enhanced crystallization rate of bio-based poly(butylene succinate-co-propylene succinate) copolymers motivated by glycerol

Abstract

Isothermal crystallization kinetics are performed in poly(butylene succinate-co-propylene succinate) (PBSPS) in a BS/PS ratio of 10/0(PBS) to 7/3 with 0 and 0.02 mol% glycerol, indicating PBSPS copolymers are 3D growths initiated by heterogeneous nucleation. Crystallization growth rates of BS/PS = 10/0(PBS) to 7/3 with 0.02 mol% glycerol are faster than with 0 mol% glycerol, for a given temperature range. Nonisothermal crystallization kinetics are performed to clarify the effects of different glycerol proportions for BS/PS = 7/3. The 0.01 mol% glycerol is used to form a nucleation site, in which the kinetic energy of the molecular chain can be driven to increase the packing ability. When glycerol is increased to 0.02 mol%, the restriction of the glycerol on the movement of the molecular chain becomes more extensive to decrease the relative crystallinity. Hence, a small amount of glycerol content can improve the relative crystallinity and crystallization rate of PBSPS copolymer.

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Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (MOST 109-2634-F-027-001), (MOST 109-2622-E-027-004 -CC3), and (MOST 109-2221-E-027 -114 -MY3).

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Correspondence to Chin-Wen Chen or Chi-Ching Kuo.

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Mao, HI., Wang, LY., Chen, CW. et al. Enhanced crystallization rate of bio-based poly(butylene succinate-co-propylene succinate) copolymers motivated by glycerol. J Polym Res 28, 92 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10965-021-02460-x

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Keywords

  • Poly(butylene succinate-co-propylene succinate)
  • Copolymer
  • Glycerol
  • Crosslinked