Journal of Polymer Research

, 25:36 | Cite as

Structure of polyvinyl alcohol-borax ferrogels: a small angle neutron scattering study

  • Mathias B. Lawrence
  • S. Abbas
  • V. K. Aswal


The structural changes in Polyvinyl alcohol-borax hydrogels doped with carbonyl iron have been investigated, as a function of dopant and cross-linker concentrations, using Small Angle Neutron Scattering. For the undoped hydrogels and the ferrogels with 40 mg/ml magnetic particle concentrations, correlation length values show a consistent decrease with increase in borax concentration. In ferrogels with relatively lower (20 mg/ml) magnetic particle concentrations, the increase in borax concentration leads to an initial increase in correlation length followed by a decrease. The difference in behaviour is explained on the basis of concentration-dependent variations in sedimentation and coagulation of the magnetic particles which affect the shielding effect exerted by the free Na+ ions in the solvent.


PVA Borax Carbonyl iron Ferrogels SANS 



The authors express their gratitude to UGC-DAE-CSR, Mumbai Centre for funding this work and providing access to neutron beam facilities under the Collaborative Research Scheme CRS-M-217. The carbonyl iron used in the present study was kindly gifted by ISP Technologies.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSt. Xavier′s CollegeMapucaIndia
  2. 2.Solid State Physics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia

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