Effect of core-shell particles dispersed morphology on the toughening behavior of PBT/PC blends
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Methyl methacrylate-co-styrene-co-glycidyl methacrylate grafted polybutadiene (PB-g-MSG) and styrene-co-glycidyl methacrylate grafted polybutadiene (PB-g-SG) core-shell particles were prepared to toughen poly (butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and polycarbonate (PC) blends. The compatibilization reaction between the epoxy groups of glycidyl methacrylate and the carboxyl groups of PBT induced the PB-g-SG particles dispersed in the PBT phase. On the other hand, the good miscibility between PMMA (the shell phase of PB-g-MSG) and PC induced the PB-g-MSG particles dispersed in the PC phase. The different phase morphology led to different toughening behavior. The PBT/PC/PB-g-MSG blends with the PC encapsulated morphology showed much lower brittle-ductile transition core-shell particles content (10-15 wt% or 15-20 wt%) compared with the PBT/PC/PB-g-SG blends (20-25 wt%). The difference between the toughening efficiency of the core-shell particles was due to the change of deformation mechanisms. In PBT/PC/PB-g-MSG blends, the cavitation of PB rubber phase led to the occurrence of shear yielding of the matrix. While in the PBT/PC/PB-g-SG blends, the debonding between PBT and PC interface induced the shear yielding of the matrix. The variation of the core-shell particles dispersed phase morphology also affected the crystallization properties and DMA results of the PBT/PC blends. Modification of the phase morphology provided an useful strategy to prepare PBT/PC blends with higher toughening efficiency.
KeywordsPBT Pc Core-shell Particles Toughening
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51273025, 51272026, and 50803007) and Jilin Provincial Science & Technology Department (20140101104JC).
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