Effect of additives on the morphology evolution of EPDM/PP TPVs during dynamic vulcanization in a twin-screw extruder
- 579 Downloads
Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Monomer/Polypropylene thermoplastic vulcanizates (EPDM/PP TPVs) have been widely used as a kind of typical “green” elastomer because of their excellent mechanical properties and recyclability. The industrial TPVs always contain various types of additives, which influence the viscosity ratio of EPDM and PP and the morphology of TPVs. This work studied the morphology evolution of EPDM/PP TPVs with various amounts of curing agents, fillers, and plasticizer during dynamic vulcanization in a twin-screw extruder, which provides much more complicated dynamic vulcanization process than haaker rheometer. The results show that the increased curing agents content leads to the faster morphology evolution of TPV because it enhances the cross-linking speed and the viscosity of EPDM. The increased fillers content leads to the later breakup of EPDM and the bigger size of the rubber aggregation because it enhanced the modulus of EPDM and weakens the interfacial interaction between EPDM and PP. In addition, the increase in the plasticizer content leads to the earlier breakup of EPDM and the larger size of the rubber phase in TPV. Our work firstly demonstrates the morphology evolution of industrial EPDM/PP TPV, and thus can provide a guidence for the industrial production of high-performance EPDM/PP TPVs.
KeywordsThermoplastic vulcanizates Dynamic vulcanization Morphology evolution Additives
We would like to acknowledge the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2011CB606003) for financial support, and the financial supports of the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51221002 are also gratefully acknowledged.