Unimodal and bimodal networks of physically crosslinked polyborodimethylsiloxane: viscoelastic and equibiaxial extension behaviors

  • Nispa Seetapan
  • Asira Fuongfuchat
  • Doungporn Sirikittikul
  • Nattawut Limparyoon
Original Paper


Unimodal and bimodal networks of physically crosslinked polyborodimethylsiloxane (PBDMS) were prepared by end-linking hydroxy-terminated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) with boric acid. Their viscoelastic and equibiaxial extension behaviors were investigated. Three PDMS precursors with different number-average molecular weight (\( {\overline{M}}_n \)) were employed, of which the shortest chain had \( {\overline{M}}_n \) lower than the entanglement molecular weight. Bimodal networks were prepared from the mixture of the shortest and the longer PDMS chains. Linear viscoelastic behavior of unimodal network of the shortest chain gave the best fit to the Maxwell model with single relaxation time of 1.59 s, and equilibrium elastic modulus (G e ) of the network was well-explained by phantom network model. The unimodal networks from the other two long chain precursors, however, showed multi-relaxation behavior with the longest relaxation times of 1.00–1.26 s. Moreover, their G e was close to affine model and deviated from the phantom model with trapped entanglement factors of ~ 0.13. The bimodal networks with high mole percentage of short chains gave G e values approximate to the predicted values of phantom model. Such bimodal networks showed an extremely large increase in modulus at high biaxial extension, attributed by the limited extensibilities of short chains and un-relaxed crosslinked junctions.


Bimodal networks Physically crosslinked polyborodimethylsiloxane Trapped entanglement Viscoelasticity Equibiaxial extension 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the National Metal and Materials Technology Center, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Thailand (Project No. MT-B-53-POL-07-485-I).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nispa Seetapan
    • 1
  • Asira Fuongfuchat
    • 1
  • Doungporn Sirikittikul
    • 1
  • Nattawut Limparyoon
    • 1
  1. 1.National Metal and Materials Technology CenterNational Science and Technology Development AgencyPathumthaniThailand

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