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Journal of Polymer Research

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 2055–2060 | Cite as

Effect of spinning conditions on the mechanical properties of PA6/MWNTs nanofiber filaments

  • Yang Liu
  • Jie Li
  • Zhi-juan Pan
Original Paper

Abstract

Carbon nanotube (CNT ) reinforced composite materials is a hot research issue now , but CNT/polymer composite nano-scale fibers still cannot be obtained readily, not mention to successfully prepare continuous CNTs/polymer composite nano-scale fiber filaments manufactured by electrospinning. In this paper, continuous filaments constructed of nano-scale PA6/MWNTs fibers in single-axis orientation were obtained by an improved wet-electrospinning technique. The effects of the concentrations of MWNTs, spinning speed and post-drawing on the mechanical properties of PA6/MWNTs nanofiber filaments were studied. The results show that when the concentrations of MWNTs is below 0.8 wt%, the increase of MWNTs content enhances the Young’s modules and breaking stress but reduces the breaking strain, while the breaking stress decreases when the MWNTs concentration exceeds 0.8 wt%. The Young’s modules and breaking stress increased as the spinning speed raised at the range of 1.8–9.0 m/min, but declined when the speed exceeded 9.0 m/min. The mechanical properties of the as-spun filaments can be improved by either dry or wet post-drawing, and the breaking stress of the wet post-drawn filaments was improved 2.64 times while that of the dry post-drawn filaments 2.28 times.

Keywords

Electrospinning MWNTs Nanofiber Drawing Mechanical properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support for this work was provided by the Science and Technology Project of Jiangsu Province (BK2008151) and Creative Research Project for Graduate Students of Jiangsu Province(CX09B_026Z) and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Textile and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Laboratory for Modern SilkSoochow UniversitySuzhouChina

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