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Journal of Polymer Research

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 569–578 | Cite as

Dynamic mechanical, thermal, physico-mechanical and morphological properties of LLDPE/EMA blends

  • Jyoti S. Borah
  • Tapan Kumar Chaki
Original Paper

Abstract

The effect of blend composition on the morphology, dynamic mechanical properties, thermal and physico-mechanical properties of linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE)/ ethylene-co-methyl acrylate (EMA) blends were studied. The blend showed both dispersed and continuous phase morphology that depends on the blend composition. A co-continuous structure is formed for blends containing 50 wt% of EMA. Dynamic mechanical studies showed that flexibility of the blend enhanced with the expansion of the amorphous region as EMA content increased. However, two separate melting temperature peak observed in differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis indicate that the blends are immiscible in crystalline region of the two polymers. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies showed that crystallinity of blends decreases with increase in EMA content and negative deviation of tensile strength from the mixing rule indicates the poor interfacial adhesion between the two components. FTIR spectroscopy established the lack of chemical interaction between LLDPE and EMA, which support the SEM, DSC, DMA and XRD observations. Parallel-Voids model has been applied to characterize phase morphology of these blends.

Keywords

LLDPE/EMA blends Morphology Dynamic mechanical analysis Differential scanning calorimetry Mechanical property 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rubber Technology Center, Indian Institute of Technology, KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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