Advertisement

Journal of Polymer Research

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 769–777 | Cite as

Preparation of high strength ultrafine polyvinyl chloride fibrous membrane and its adsorption of cationic dye

  • Xinsheng Zhu
  • Xiaoshan Jiang
  • Si Cheng
  • Kai Wang
  • Shuailong Mao
  • Li-Juan Fan
Original Paper

Abstract

The polyvinyl chloride (PVC) ultrafine fibrous membranes were prepared by electrospinning. After solvent and thermal treatments, the membranes were used for the adsorption of cationic dye. The factors, the solvent ratio, the time of solvent treatment and the temperature of thermal treatment, were studied to enhance the mechanical properties of the membranes. The effects of the initial dye concentration and the solution temperature on the adsorption behaviors of the membranes were investigated. The results indicate that, long and uniform PVC ultrafine fibers were steadily electrospun at the PVC concentration of 10 w/v% in the mixture solvents of THF and DMF. The highest tensile strength of membranes reached 7.87 MPa, whereas the value of untreated counterpart was only 0.67 MPa. The equilibrium sorption capacity Qe increased with the increases of the initial dye concentration and solution temperature. The equilibrium adsorption of the membranes followed Freundlich isotherm and the adsorption kinetics observed Lagergren’s pseudo-second order equation.

Keywords

Electrospinning Polyvinyl chloride Thermal treatment Adsorption isotherm Adsorption kinetics 

References

  1. 1.
    Chakraborty S, De S, Das Gupta S et al (2005) Adsorption study for the removal of a basic dye: experimental and modeling. Chemosphere 58:1079–1086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Choy KKH, McKay G, Porter JF (1999) Sorption of acid dyes from effluents using activated carbon. Resour Conserv Recycl 27:57–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Huang J-M, Wang C-H, Wang I-J (2001) Dye adsorption of activated carbon non-woven fabrics derived from cellulose viscose rayon. J Polym Res 8:267–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jiang X, Zhu X, Gao Q et al (2009) Fabrication and its adsorption of ultrafine sulfonated polystyrene ion exchanger fiber mats. Gaofenzi Cailiao Kexue Yu Gongcheng/Polym Mater Sci Eng 25:21–23 In ChineseGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Soldatov VS, Shunkevich AA, Elinson IS et al (1999) Chemically active textile materials as efficient means for water purification. Desalination 124:181–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhu X, Gao Q, Xu D et al (2007) Improvement of the electrospinnability of Polyvinyl alcohol via dialysis and complexation pretreatment. J Polym Res 14:277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Burger C, Hsiao BS, Chu B (2006) Nanofibrous materials and their applications. Annu Rev Mater Res 36:333–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Barhate RS, Ramakrishna S (2007) Nanofibrous filtering media: filtration problems and solutions from tiny materials. J Membr Sci 296:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pornsopone V, Supaphol P, Rangkupan R et al (2007) Electrospun methacrylate-based copolymer/indomethacin fibers and their release characteristics of indomethacin. J Polym Res 14:53–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Saeed K, Haider S, Oh T-J et al (2008) Preparation of amidoxime-modified polyacrylonitrile (PAN-oxime) nanofibers and their applications to metal ions adsorption. J Membr Sci 322:400–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sang Y, Gu Q, Sun T et al (2008) Filtration by a novel nanofiber membrane and alumina adsorption to remove copper(II) from groundwater. J Hazard Mater 153:860–866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Koski A, Yim K, Shivkumar S (2004) Effect of molecular weight on fibrous PVA produced by electrospinning. Mater Lett 58:493–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Koombhongse S, Liu W, Reneker DH (2001) Flat polymer ribbons and other shapes by electrospinning. J Polym Sci Part B 39:2598–2606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Han SO, Youk JH, Min KD et al (2008) Electrospinning of cellulose acetate nanofibers using a mixed solvent of acetic acid/water: effects of solvent composition on the fiber diameter. Mater Lett 62:759–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lee KH, Kim HY, La YM et al (2002) Influence of a mixing solvent with tetrahydrofuran and N, N-dimethylformamide on electrospun poly(vinyl chloride) nonwoven mats. J Polym Sci Part B 40:2259–2268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kidoaki S, Kwon IK, Matsuda T (2006) Structural features and mechanical properties of in situ–bonded meshes of segmented polyurethane electrospun from mixed solvents. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater 76:219–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wei KY, Vigo TL, Goswami BC (1985) Structure-property relationships of thermally bonded polypropylene nonwovens. J Appl Polym Sci 30:1523–1534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Andreassen E, Myhre OJ, Hinrichsen EL et al (1995) Relationships between the properties of fibers and thermally bonded nonwoven fabrics made of polypropylene. J Appl Polym Sci 58:1633–1645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zong X, Ran S, Kim K-S et al (2003) Structure and morphology changes during in vitro degradation of electrospun poly(glycolide-co-lactide) nanofiber membrane. Biomacromolecules 4:416–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chakrabarti K, Nambissan PMG, Mukherjee CD et al (2007) Positron annihilation spectroscopic studies of the influence of heat treatment on defect evolution in hybrid MWCNT-polyacrylonitrile- based carbon fibers. Carbon 45:2777–2782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ho YS, McKay G (1998) Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by wood. Process Saf Environ Prot 76:183–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hameed BH, Krishni RR, Sata SA (2009) A novel agricultural waste adsorbent for the removal of cationic dye from aqueous solutions. J Hazard Mater 162:305–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Allen SJ, Gan Q, Matthews R et al (2005) Kinetic modeling of the adsorption of basic dyes by kudzu. J Colloid Interface Sci 286:101–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wawrzkiewicz M, Hubicki Z (2009) Kinetic studies of dyes sorption from aqueous solutions onto the strongly basic anion-exchanger Lewatit MonoPlus M-600. Chem Eng J 150:509–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Alkan M, Dogan M (2003) Adsorption kinetics of Victoria blue onto Perlite. Fresen Environ Bull 12:418–425Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hameed BH, Ahmad AA, Aziz N (2007) Isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics of acid dye adsorption on activated palm ash. Chem Eng J 133:195–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Nollet H, Roels M, Lutgen P et al (2003) Removal of PCBs from wastewater using fly ash. Chemosphere 53:655–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ozcan AS, Ozcan A (2004) Adsorption of acid dyes from aqueous solutions onto acid-activated bentonite. J Colloid Interface Sci 276:39–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Purkait MK, Gusain DS, Das Gupta S et al (2004) Adsorption behavior of chrysoidine dye on activated charcoal and its regeneration characteristics using different surfactants. Sep Sci Technol 39:2419–2440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Namasivayam C, Jeyakumar R, Yamuna RT (1994) Dye removal from wastewater by adsorption on ‘waste’ Fe(III)/Cr(III) hydroxide. Waste Manage 14:643–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinsheng Zhu
    • 1
  • Xiaoshan Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Si Cheng
    • 2
  • Kai Wang
    • 2
  • Shuailong Mao
    • 1
  • Li-Juan Fan
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Textiles and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations