Journal of Polymer Research

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 351–356 | Cite as

Theoretical maximum dye-uptake of acrylic fiber to basic dye



The theoretical maximum dye-uptake of the fiber to dye is considered to be related to the fraction of the polymer segment which is mobile. This is studied by dyeing the acrylic fiber at temperatures within a 40 °C range while treating the samples with different carriers. The relation of the equilibrium dye-uptake (dyeability) of the acrylic fiber to the structural parameter, \({\int_{20}^{\text{T}} {{\left( {\tan \delta } \right)}_{{\text{c}}} {\text{dT}}} }\), with the presence or absence of carrier in solution, is linear, confirming the validity of the hypotheses, where (tanδ)c is the loss tangent correlated at a temperature of 20 °C. Moreover, The effect of the carrier in swelling the amorphous region of the acrylic fiber was less effective as temperature rose beyond T g(mechanical).


Basic dye Acrylic fiber Modeling Structure–property relations Dyeability 


  1. 1.
    Rosenbaum S (1963) Tex Res J 33:899Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beckman W, Glenz O (1957) Melliand Textiber 38:783Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balmgorth D, Bowers CA, Guion TH (1964) JSDC 80:577Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beckmann W (1961) JSDC 77:616Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vogel T, De Bruyne JMA, Zimmerman CL (1958) Am Dyestuff Rep 47:581Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fukuda T, Omori S (1971) Sen-I Gakkaishi 27:83Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Waters JP, Buchnan DR (1977) Tex Res J 47:541Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gulrajani ML, Saxena RK (1979) JSDC 95:330Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ward JS (1969) JSDC 85:630Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gur-Arieh W, Ingamells W (1974) JSDC 90:12Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gur-Arieh W, Ingamells W (1974) JSDC 90:8Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Arquith RS, Blair HS, Spence N (1978) JSDC 49:20Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang HH, Wang CC (2006) J Appl Polym Sci 96:2324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang HH, Wang CC, Kuo HJ (2000) J Appl Polym Sci 76:2105CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fiber and Composite MaterialsFeng Chia UniversityTaichungRepublic of China

Personalised recommendations