Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 45, Issue 10, pp 2125–2137 | Cite as

Caregiver and Adolescent Discrepancies in Perceptions of Violence and Their Associations with Early Adolescent Aggression

  • Sarah Lindstrom Johnson
  • Raymond Reichenberg
  • Catherine P. Bradshaw
  • Denise L. Haynie
  • Tina L. Cheng
Empirical Research


This article examined the role of caregiver messages about violence and exposure to neighborhood violence on adolescent aggression in light of research regarding discrepancies between parents and their children. Drawing upon data from an urban African American sample of 144 caregiver/early adolescent dyads (M = 12.99; SD = 0.93; 58.7 % female) we examined covariates of discrepancies between caregiver and adolescent reports of perceptions of violence as well as their association with adolescent aggression. Analyses suggested that concordance in perceptions of violence was associated with children’s attitudes about violence and caregivers’ perceptions of family communication. Structural equation modeling indicated a unique role for individual perceptions and suggested that agreement in awareness of neighborhood violence could be protective for early adolescent involvement in aggression.


Violence Parents Discrepancies Structural equation modeling 



This publication was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Grant Number 1K24HD052559 (Cheng) and the NICHD Intramural Research Program (Haynie), DC-Baltimore Research Center on Child Health Disparities Grant Number P20 MD000198 from the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (Cheng), and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Grant Number U01CE0011954 (Bradshaw). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funding agencies.

Authors’ Contributions

SLJ conceived of the study, participated in planning and interpreting the analyses, and drafted the manuscript. RR performed all analyses and provided substantive feedback. CB participated in the design of the study including conceptual guidance, and revised drafts of the manuscript. DH and TC conceived and implemented the parent study and provided substantive revisions to drafts of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Conflict of interest

The authors’ report no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Lindstrom Johnson
    • 1
  • Raymond Reichenberg
    • 1
  • Catherine P. Bradshaw
    • 2
  • Denise L. Haynie
    • 3
  • Tina L. Cheng
    • 4
  1. 1.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.University of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and DevelopmentRockvilleUSA
  4. 4.Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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