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Correlates of Ideal Body Size Among Black and White Adolescents

  • Nicole Nollen
  • Harsohena Kaur
  • Kim Pulvers
  • Won Choi
  • Marian Fitzgibbon
  • Chaoyang Li
  • Niaman Nazir
  • Jasjit S. Ahluwalia
Original Article

Cultural differences have been found in body image perceptions among Black and White adolescents, however little is known about the factors associated with perceptions of an ideal body size (IBS). This study examined differences in correlates of IBS among 265 Black (116 girls and 62 boys) and White (63 girls and 24 boys) adolescents. IBS for White girls and boys was related to perceptions of how their parents wanted them to look, while IBS for Black girls was related to perception of how peers look and would like to look. IBS for Black boys was significantly related to perceptions of their current size, how peers would like to look, how parents think they look, and depressive symptoms. Findings suggest cultural differences in the factors related to body image perceptions and have implications for educational programs promoting healthy body image development among Black and White adolescents.

KEY WORDS

ideal body size cultural differences Black and White adolescents 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicole Nollen
    • 1
  • Harsohena Kaur
    • 2
  • Kim Pulvers
    • 3
  • Won Choi
    • 4
  • Marian Fitzgibbon
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
  • Chaoyang Li
    • 8
  • Niaman Nazir
    • 9
  • Jasjit S. Ahluwalia
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  4. 4.MPH Program, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  5. 5.Medicine and School of Public HealthUniversity of IllinoisChicagoUSA
  6. 6.Midwest Center for Health Services and Policy ResearchJesse Brown VA Medical CenterHinesUSA
  7. 7.Section of Health Promotion Research, Department of MedicineUniversity of Medicine, University of IllinoisChicagoUSA
  8. 8.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health PromotionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  9. 9.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA
  10. 10.Department of Medicine and Office of Clinical ResearchUniversity of Minnesota School of MedicineMinneapolisUSA

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