The effects of human capital, R&D and firm’s innovation on patents: a panel study on Dutch food firms



This paper analyzes the determinants of a firm’s patent output using data for 2000–2008 which enables us to take into account the role of workers’ skills, other firm’s innovation (process, product, organization) as well as other important firm characteristics including unobserved firm-level heterogeneity. The main results, robust across specifications, suggest a positive and significant effect of process innovation and workers’ skills on patent counts while product innovation becomes an important determinant in explaining forward citations. The inclusion of unobserved heterogeneity is essential in the analysis and seems to affect our results.


Innovation Patents Patent production functions 

JEL classification

C33 D22 O30 



We thank participants of the 146th EAAE Seminar on “Technology transfer as a driver of innovative entrepreneurship in agriculture and the agri-food industry” held in Chania (15-16/072015).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hasselt UniversityDiepenbeekBelgium
  2. 2.Statistics NetherlandsHeerlenThe Netherlands

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