Entrepreneurship research centers around the world: research orientation, knowledge transfer and performance
- 933 Downloads
This work investigates entrepreneurship research centers, and analyzes their research performance. Studies on the determinants of performance of research centers have mainly focused on science and technology, while entrepreneurship has been so far neglected. Through an analysis of 46 centers worldwide, we focus on entrepreneurship research and the role of centers, by discussing how knowledge transfer mechanisms and research orientation affect research performance. Our findings contribute to shed light on the divergence of methodologies and approaches characterizing entrepreneurship research; they also corroborate the view that centers enable a “compound Matthew-effect”, according to which knowledge transfer to external stakeholders, after controlling for research orientation of the center, does foster and enrich research performance.
KeywordsEntrepreneurship Research centers Science and technology policy Knowledge transfer Research performance Research orientation
JEL ClassificationO32 I23 I28 L26
- Audretsch, D. B., Hülsbeck, M., & Lehman, E. E. (2012). Regional competitiveness, university spillovers, and entrepreneurial activity. Small Business Economics, 39(3), 587–601.Google Scholar
- Benoit, K., & Marsh, M. (2009). A relative impact ranking of political studies in Ireland. The Economic and Social Review, 40(3), 269–298.Google Scholar
- Bozeman, B., & Boardman, P. C. (2003). Managing the new multipurpose, Multidiscipline University Research Centers: Institutional Innovation in the Academic Community. Washington, DC: IBM Center for the Business of Governmen.Google Scholar
- Chandler, G., & Lyon, D. (2001). Issues of research design and construct measurement in entrepreneurship research: The past decade. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(4), 101–113.Google Scholar
- Davidsson, P., Low, M. B., & Wright, M. (2001). Editor’s introduction: Low and MacMillan ten years on: Achievements and future directions for entrepreneurship research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(4), 5–15.Google Scholar
- Finkle, T. A. (2005). A review of trends in the market for entrepreneurship faculty from 1989–2004. In frontiers of entrepreneurship research, 2005. In S. Zahra et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of the twenty-fifth annual entrepreneurship research conference. Wellesley, MA: AMBCE.Google Scholar
- Finkle, T. A. (2007). A comparative analysis of US versus international entrepreneurship centers. In 21st Proceedings of the annual national United States association for small business and entrepreneurship conference, 125.Google Scholar
- Hülsbeck, M., Lehmann, E. E., & Starnecker, A. (2011). Performance of technology transfer offices in Germany. The Journal of Technology Transfer. doi: 10.1007/s10961-011-9243-6.
- Jaffe, A. (1998). The real effects of academic research. American Economic Review, 79(5), 957–970.Google Scholar
- Katz, J. A. (1991). The institution and infrastructure of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 15(3), 85–102.Google Scholar
- Katz, J. A. (2004). 2004 Survey of endowed positions in entrepreneurship and related fields in the United States. Report sponsored by the Kauffman Foundation 1–45.Google Scholar
- Menzies, T. V. (2009). University-based Entrepreneurship Centers: Frameworks for Analysis. In 23rd Proceedings of the annual national United States association for small business and entrepreneurship conference, 872.Google Scholar
- Meoli, M., Paleari, S., & Vismara, S. (2012). Completing the technology transfer process: the M&As of science-based IPOs. Small Business Economics. doi: 10.1007/s11187-012-9416-1.
- Ruane, F. P., & Tol, R. S. J. (2007). Centres of research excellence in economics in the republic of Ireland. The Economic and Social Review, 38(3), 289–322.Google Scholar
- Sandberg, W. R., & Gatewood, E. J. (1991). A profile of entrepreneurship research centers: Orientations, interests, activities, and resources. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 15(3), 11–24.Google Scholar
- Upton, N. (1997). Successful experiences of entrepreneurship center directors. Kansas City, MO: Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership Inc., Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Baylor University.Google Scholar
- Walberg, H. J., & Tsai, S. (1983). Matthew effects in education. American Educational Research Journal, 20, 359–373.Google Scholar