The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 459–468 | Cite as

Are Service Profiles Incubator-Specific? Results from an Empirical Investigation in Italy*

  • Maximilian von Zedtwitz
  • Rosa Grimaldi


What are the core services of start-up incubators, and how can the be managed best? We use five incubator archetypes (university, regional business, company-internal, independent commercial, and virtual incubators) to identify key services and describe their implementation. Case-research was conducted on 10 incubators (from an estimated total of 50) in Italy. We concluded that differences in competitive scope (industry, geography, and segment focus) and differences in strategic objectives (profit versus non-for-profit) influence the nature, quality and implementation of incubation services and the way they are managed.


startup ventures entrepreneurship strategy incubation best practice 

JEL Classification

O31 O32 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Technological Innovation, School of Economics and ManagementTsinghua UniversityBeijingPR China
  2. 2.Department of ManagementUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly

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