Technology Competitiveness in Emerging Markets: The Case of the Brazilian Polymer Industry
- 155 Downloads
The Brazilian polymer industry (plastics, rubbers, fibers, adhesives, paints, and varnishes) is the fastest growing segment of the Petrochemical Chain. Since the polymer industry is characterized as science based, the capacity to create technology is vital for its long-range survival in the market. This paper analyzes how Brazilian polymer firms maintain their technological competitiveness, explains the main modes of technology transfer, and evaluates the degree of technological dependence of this industry. The methodology consisted of a database built with data from the Brazilian Patent Office. To confirm the findings, interviews were conducted with staff members from seven Brazilian polymer firms. The data base analysis and the interviews reveal that, in spite of the fact that Research and Development (R&D) and technological innovation have a fundamental role in their competitiveness, the firms are technologically dependent upon foreign suppliers.
Keywordscompetitiveness innovation polymer industry R&D technology transfer.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bean A.S. (1995). Why some R&D Organizations are More Productive than Others. Research Technology Management Jan/Feb, 25–29.Google Scholar
- Chesbrough H., Teece D.J. (1996). Organizing for Innovation. Harvard Business Review Jan/Feb, 65–73.Google Scholar
- Cohen, W.M., Levinthal, D.A. 1989Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R&DThe Economic Journal99569596Google Scholar
- Deschamps, J.P., Nayak, R. 1997Como se Destacar na prateleiraRevista Exame46264Google Scholar
- Hemais, C.A. 1997Model of International Transfer of Technology: A Theoretical ApproachTechnology Management: Strategies and Applications3213227Google Scholar
- Kvale, S. 1996InterViews—An Introduction to Qualitative Research InterviewingSageThousand Oaks, CAGoogle Scholar
- Lander L., Matheson D., Menke M.M., Ransley L. (1995). Improving the R&D Decision Process. Research Technology Management Jan/Feb , 40–43.Google Scholar
- McCulloch, R. 1981Technology Transfer To Developing Countries: Implications of International RegulationAnnals American Academy of Political Science458(Nov)110122Google Scholar
- Pavitt, K. 1992Some Foundations for a Theory of the Large Innovating Firm’Dosi, G.Giannetti, R.Toninelli, P.A. eds. Technology and Enterprise in a Historical PerspectiveClarendon PressOxford212228Google Scholar
- Sheskin, D.J. 2004Handbook of Parametric and Nonparametric Statistical Procedures,’3Chapman & Hall/ CRCBoca RatonGoogle Scholar
- Thayer, A.M. 1995Justifying technology’s Value Challenges Industry R&D ManagersCandEN News61014Google Scholar
- Twiss, B. 1986Managing Technological Innovation3PitmanLondonGoogle Scholar
- Yin, R. 1994Case Study Research—Design and MethodsSageNewbury Park, CAGoogle Scholar