Definition and properties of characteristic frequencies of a linear equation
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The definition of the characteristic frequencies of zeroes and changes of sign for solutions is given. It is equal to the upper medium (with respect to the time half-axis) of their number on the half-interval of length π. We also define the main frequencies for a linear homogeneous equation of order n. These main frequencies for an equation with constant coefficients coincide with the absolute values of the imaginary parts of the roots of the corresponding characteristic polynomial. It is proved that for the second-order equation the main frequencies are the same for all solutions and that they are stable with respect to uniformly small and infinitely small perturbations of the coefficients. For the third-order equation they can be different, and for any of the main frequencies an example of nonstability is given.
KeywordsImaginary Part Linear Equation Characteristic Frequency Small Perturbation Characteristic Polynomial
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