Optimal Debt Ratio and Consumption Strategies in Financial Crisis
- 475 Downloads
This paper derives the optimal debt ratio and consumption strategies for an economy during the financial crisis. Taking into account the impact of labor market condition during the financial crisis, the production rate function is stochastic and affected by the government fiscal policy and unanticipated shocks. The objective is to maximize the total expected discounted utility of consumption in the infinite time horizon. Using dynamic programming principle, the value function is a solution of Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman (HJB) equation. The subsolution-supersolution method is used to verify the existence of classical solutions of the HJB equation. The explicit solution of the value function is derived, and the corresponding optimal debt ratio and consumption strategies are obtained. An example is provided to illustrate the methodologies and some interesting economic insights.
KeywordsStochastic control Optimal debt ratio Consumption strategies Financial crisis
Mathematics Subject Classification91B06 91B40 91B42 91B70 93E20
The research of Zhuo Jin was supported by the Early Career Research Grant of University of Melbourne and The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities in China.
- 3.Branson, W.: Macroeconomic Theory and Policy. Harper and Row Publishers, New York (1972)Google Scholar
- 5.Fleming, W.H., Soner, H.M.: Controlled Markov Processes and Viscosity Solutions. Springer, New York (1992)Google Scholar
- 29.Luenberger, D.G.: Investment Science, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, New York (2013)Google Scholar
- 30.Elton, E.J., Gruber, M.J., Brown, S.J., Goetzmann, W.N.: Modern Portfolio Theory and Investment Analysis, 8th edn. Wiley, Hoboken (2009)Google Scholar