Asymptotics of Height Change on Toroidal Temperleyan Dimer Models
The dimer model is an exactly solvable model of planar statistical mechanics. In its critical phase, various aspects of its scaling limit are known to be described by the Gaussian free field. For periodic graphs, criticality is an algebraic condition on the spectral curve of the model, determined by the edge weights (Kenyon et al. in Ann Math (2) 163(3):1019–1056, 2006); isoradial graphs provide another class of critical dimer models, in which the edge weights are determined by the local geometry. In the present article, we consider another class of graphs: general Temperleyan graphs, i.e. graphs arising in the (generalized) Temperley bijection between spanning trees and dimer models. Building in particular on Forman’s formula and representations of Laplacian determinants in terms of Poisson operators, and under a minimal assumption—viz. that the underlying random walk converges to Brownian motion—we show that the natural topological observable on macroscopic tori converges in law to its universal limit, i.e. the law of the periods of the dimer height function converges to that of the periods of a compactified free field.
KeywordsDimers Uniform spanning tree Laplacian determinant Gaussian free field
It is our pleasure to thank anonymous referees for their detailed and insightful comments. Partially supported by NSF Grant DMS-1005749.
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