Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 45, Issue 12, pp 1879–1889 | Cite as

Thermodynamic Investigation of Electrolytes of the Vanadium Redox Flow Battery (V): Conductivity and Ionic Dissociation of Vanadyl Sulfate in Aqueous Solution in the 278.15–318.15 K Temperature Range

  • Xiang-Rong Li
  • Ye Qin
  • Wei-Guo Xu
  • Jian-Guo Liu
  • Jia-Zhen Yang
  • Qian Xu
  • Chuan-Wei Yan


Precise measurements of electrical conductivities of aqueous VOSO4 solutions at various molalities were performed from 278.15 to 318.15 K in 5 K intervals. In terms of Fuoss’s equation and Shedlovsky’s equation, the limiting molar conductance, Λ 0, and the dissociation constant, K d, of the ion-pair [VOSO4]0 were determined. From an empirical equation for the temperature dependence of dissociation constants, the thermodynamic functions for the dissociation process of the ion-pair [VOSO4]0 were calculated. It is discovered that the reaction for ion-pair dissociation is unfavorable under normal pressure and room temperature because the standard state dissociation Gibbs energy (ΔG 0) > 0. The calculated values of the dissociation entropy and the dissociation enthalpy are negative, indicating that the dissociation entropy opposes the dissociation process.


Vanadium redox flow battery Ion pair Dissociation constant Conductivity Dissociation entropy Vanadyl sulfate 



This research was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (General Programs Numbers 21373009 and 21573257).

Supplementary material

10953_2016_545_MOESM1_ESM.doc (576 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 576 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang-Rong Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ye Qin
    • 2
  • Wei-Guo Xu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jian-Guo Liu
    • 2
  • Jia-Zhen Yang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Qian Xu
    • 4
  • Chuan-Wei Yan
    • 2
  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  3. 3.College of ChemistryLiaoning UniversityShenyangChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special SteelShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina

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