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Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 335–350 | Cite as

Studies of Monolayer and Mixed Micelle Formation of Anionic and Nonionic Surfactants in the Presence of Adenosine-5-monophosphate

  • N. A. Negm
  • S. M. Tawfik
Article

Abstract

The interactions between the anionic surfactant di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate sodium salt (DEP) and two nonionic surfactants, dimethyldecyl phosphineoxide (DDPO) and dimethyltetradecyl phosphineoxide (DTPO), at the interface and in the micellar phases were investigated in the absence and presence of adenosine-5-monophosphoric acid disodium salt (AMP). The mixed systems were DEP–DDPO, DEP–DDPO/AMP (0.001 mol⋅L−1), DEP–DTPO, and DEP–DTPO/AMP (0.001 mol⋅L−1) at different bulk mole fractions of the anionic component (α 1=0.9,0.8,0.6,0.4,0.2). The mixed systems studied were investigated based on the theoretical models of Rubingh and Clint. The results showed surface tension reduction efficiency. The adsorbed mixed monolayer demonstrated stronger interactions than the mixed micelles, whereas AMP increased the interfacial interactions more than those in the micellar phase. The Gibbs energy of mixing suggests that the stability of the mixed micellar phase is greater than that of the micellar phases of the individual components. The synergism that occurred in the different mixed phases is discussed.

Keywords

Anionic surfactant Adsorbed monolayer Mixed micelles Surface tension reduction efficiency Surface tension reduction effectiveness Interaction parameter Synergism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Surface Active Agents Laboratory, Petrochemicals DepartmentEgyptian Petroleum Research InstituteNase cityEgypt

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