Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 1108–1125 | Cite as

Solvatochromism and Preferential Solvation of 4-Pentacyanoferrate 4′-Aryl Substituted Bipyridinium Complexes in Binary Mixtures of Hydroxylic and Non-hydroxylic Solvents

  • Raffaello Papadakis
  • Athanase Tsolomitis


The intense solvatochromic behavior of several pentacyanoferrate complexes with aryl substituted 4,4′-bipyridines acting as ligands, was investigated in six hydroxylic and non hydroxylic solvents using UV-Visible spectroscopy. The metal-to-ligand-charge-transfer bands of the visible spectra of these compounds proved to be markedly affected by solvent polarity. In order to quantify the extent of the observed solvatochromism and reveal the dominant interactions which take place in the cybotactic region, resulting in solvatochromism, the Kamlet-Taft equation was used. This is a multiparametric linear-solvation-energy-relationship (LSER) widely used for the study of solvent effects on various physicochemical properties. Through this analysis it was proved that both specific and non specific interactions contribute to the observed solvatochromism. Furthermore, the preferential solvation of the complex salts was studied in binary solvent mixtures. Solvatochromism was used as the key approach to rationalize solvent-solute and solvent-solvent interactions in the binary solvent mixtures studied.


UV/Vis spectroscopy LSER’s Solvatochromism Preferential solvation Solvent-solute interactions Solvent-solvent interactions 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, School of Chemical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

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