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Journal of Solution Chemistry

, Volume 39, Issue 9, pp 1291–1310 | Cite as

Spectral and Mechanistic Investigation of the Osmium(VIII) Catalyzed Oxidation of Diclofenac Sodium by the Copper(III) Periodate Complex in Aqueous Alkaline Medium

  • Shekappa D. Lamani
  • Praveen N. Naik
  • Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor
Article

Abstract

The kinetics of the osmium(VIII) (Os(VIII)) catalyzed oxidation of diclofenac sodium (DFS) by diperiodatocuprate(III) (DPC) in aqueous alkaline medium has been studied spectrophotometrically at a constant ionic strength of 1.0 mol⋅dm−3. The reaction showed first order kinetics in [Os(VIII)] and [DPC] and less than unit order with respect to [DFS] and [alkali]. The rate decreased with increase in [periodate]. The reaction between DFS and DPC in alkaline medium exhibits 1:2 [DFS]:[DPC] stoichiometry. However, the order in [DFS] and [OH] changes from first order to zero order as their concentration increases. Changes in the ionic strength and dielectric constant did not affect the rate of reaction. The oxidation products were identified by LC-ESI-MS, NMR, and IR spectroscopic studies. A possible mechanism is proposed. The reaction constants involved in the different steps of the mechanism were calculated. The catalytic constant (K C) was also calculated for Os(VIII) catalysis at the studied temperatures. From plots of log 10 K C versus 1/T, values of activation parameters have been evaluated with respect to the catalytic reaction. The activation parameters with respect to the slow step of the mechanism were computed and discussed, and thermodynamic quantities were also determined. The active osmium(VIII) and copper(III) periodate species have been identified.

Keywords

Kinetics Oxidation Copper(III) Diclofenac sodium Os(VIII) catalyst 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shekappa D. Lamani
    • 1
  • Praveen N. Naik
    • 1
  • Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor
    • 1
  1. 1.P.G. Department of Studies in ChemistryKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia

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