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Journal of Seismology

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 277–289 | Cite as

Seismic damage in the Lagina sacred area on the Mugla Fault: a key point for the understanding of the obliquely situated faults of western Anatolia

  • Volkan Karabacak
Original Article

Abstract

The western Anatolia extension region consists of major E-W trending normal faults and numerous subsidiary faults aligned obliquely to major fault systems. In this paper, the NW-SE trending Mugla Fault was studied through an archaeoseismological analysis of the Lagina sacred area, which was supported by geological and geomorphological field evidence collected along the fault zone. The sacred area is cut by fractures that have caused extensive deformations and displacements in ruins along the fault. The orientations of collapsed columns, folding on the grounds, dilation, and tilting of the walls are systematic. The axes of the observed deformations are perpendicular to the Mugla Fault and could be related to coseismic effects. Although there are no historical records of a large earthquake on the Mugla Fault, the results of thermoluminescence and radiocarbon dating in the Lagina sacred area indicate that a large event occurred in the 4th c. ad or slightly later. Thus, considering the field evidence that has been collected along the Mugla Fault, it can be concluded that subsidiary faults aligned obliquely to major normal fault systems have strike-slip components and may be associated with a significant portion of the recent dynamics in western Anatolia.

Keywords

Western Anatolia Archaeoseismology Earthquake faulting Lagina 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The first fieldwork for this study was conducted in May 2009 at the site. It was completed in January 2015 with the sampling. Dating of the samples was funded by the Eskisehir Osmangazi University Research Foundation (project no: 2014-534). Radiocarbon analyses were performed in the Beta Analytic Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory. Thermoluminescence analyses were performed in the laboratory of the Institute of Nuclear Science (Ankara University). Special thanks go to Dr. Sevgi Altınok (Eskisehir Osmangazi University) for her comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. The author is grateful to the journal editors and two anonymous reviewers for their comments, which improved the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyEskisehir Osmangazi UniversityEskişehirTurkey

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