Theoretical Study of a Tunable Low-Temperature Photonic Crystal Sensor Using Dielectric-Superconductor Nanocomposite Layers

Abstract

One-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal made of a superconductor (YBa2Cu3O7) nanocomposite and dielectric material (silicon) is theoretically investigated by the two-fluid model and the transfer matrix method based on Tamm resonance. The structure consists of a ternary photonic crystal capped by metallic layer Ag. Interesting multi-photonic band gaps are achieved for a suitable hybrid periodic system. The characteristic of these multi-photonic band gaps can be manipulated by the temperature of the system. The proposed sensor records high sensitivity (from 1.1 to 2.2 nm/K), very high signal-to-noise (from 24 to 125), and low resolution (from 0.11 to 0.14). Compared with previous works, our proposed sensor can achieve high sensitivity for near-zero (K) temperature sensing.

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ZA Zaky devised the original idea for the study, performed numerical simulations, and wrote the main manuscript text. AH Aly discussed the results and supervised this work. All authors contributed to the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Zaky A. Zaky.

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Zaky, Z.A., Aly, A.H. Theoretical Study of a Tunable Low-Temperature Photonic Crystal Sensor Using Dielectric-Superconductor Nanocomposite Layers. J Supercond Nov Magn (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-020-05584-1

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Keywords

  • Photonic crystal
  • Superconductor
  • Nanocomposite
  • Temperature sensor
  • Tamm resonance
  • Sensitivity