Effect of Ti4+ Substitution on Microstructure and Magnetic Order of Ca3CoMn1-xTixO6

Abstract

The Ca3CoMn1-xTixO6(x = 0, 0.05) samples were synthesized by a modified sol-gel method, and the microstructure, microtopography, and magnetic properties were investigated in detail. With substituting of Mn4+ ions by Ti4+ ions, the crystallinity and particle size of Ca3CoMn1-xTixO6 (x = 0, 0.05) samples decrease. The Ti4+ doping also causes the high-temperature spin freezing phenomenon disappears, and the transition field of ↑↑↓↓ magnetic structure to ↑↑↑↓ magnetic structure increases obviously together with the faster dynamic behavior. These results suggest that the dilution effect of Ti4+ doping to Co-Mn-Co-Mn spin chains could reduce the degree of magnetic frustration and suppress the formation of short range magnetic order, for which will be beneficial for the establishment of more robust long range antiferromagnetic structure. The present research could serve as a reference on tuning the magnetic order and improving the multiferroic property of Ca3CoMnO6.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. 1.

    Rossi, L., Bobel, A., Wiedmann, S., Küchler, R., Motome, Y., Penc, K., Shannon, N., Ueda, H., Bryant, B.: Negative thermal expansion in the plateau state of a magnetically frustrated spinel. Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 027205 (2019)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kurumaji, T., Nakajima, T., Hirschberger, M., Kikkawa, A., Yamasaki, Y., Sagayama, H., Nakao, H., Taguchi, Y., Arima, T., Tokura, Y.: Skyrmion lattice with a giant topological Hall effect in a frustrated triangular-lattice magnet. Science. 365, 914–918 (2019)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Shi, D., Budrikis, Z., Stein, A., Morley, S.A., Olmsted, P.D., Burnell, G., Marrows, C.H.: Frustration and thermalization in an artificial magnetic quasicrystal. Nat. Physics. 14, 309–314 (2018)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Kozlenko, D.P., Dang, N.T., Golosova, N.O., Kichanov, S.E., Lukin, E.V., Lampen Kelley, P.J., Clements, E.M., Glazyrin, K.V., Jabarov, S.H., Phan, T.L., Savenko, B.N., Srikanth, H., Phan, M.H.: Pressure-induced modifications of the magnetic order in the spin-chain compound Ca3Co2O6. Phys. Rev. B. 98, 134435 (2018)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Wook Kim, J., Mun, E.D., Ding, X., Hansen, A., Jaime, M., Harrison, N., Yi, H.T., Chai, Y., Sun, Y., Cheong, S.W., Zapf, V.S.: Metastable states in frustrated triangular compounds Ca3Co2-xMnxO6 and Ca3Co2O6. Phys. Rev. B. 98, 024407 (2018)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Gong, G.S., Wang, Y.Q., Su, Y.L., Liu, D.W., Zerihun, G., Qiu, Y.: Effects of Ho-ion substitution on the magnetic properties of the Ca3Co2O6 frustrated spin-chain compound. Mater. Res. Bull. 99, 419–423 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Paddison, J.A.M., Agrestini, S., Lees, M.R., Fleck, C.L., Deen, P.P., Goodwin, A.L., Stewart, J.R., Petrenko, O.A.: Spin correlations in Ca3Co2O6: polarized-neutron diffraction and Monte Carlo study. Phys. Rev. B. 90, 014411 (2014)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Jain, A., Yusuf, S.M.: Short-range and long-range incommensurate magnetic ordering in the frustrated antiferromagnets Ca3Co2-xFexO6: A neutron diffraction study. Phys. Rev. B. 83, 184425 (2011)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Anil Jain, P.Y., Portnichenko, Jang, H., Jackeli, G., Friemel, G., Ivanov, A., Piovano, A., Yusuf, S.M., Keimer, B., Inosov, D.S.: One-dimensional dispersive magnon excitation in the frustrated spin-2 chain system Ca3Co2O6. Phys. Rev. B. 88, 224403 (2013)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Song, J.Y., Zhao, B.C., Huang, Y.N., Qin, Y.F., Song, W.H., Sun, Y.P.: Tuning of conductive type and magnetic properties of Ca3Co2O6 ceramics through Pb-doping. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100, 3589–3598 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Song, J.Y., Zhao, B.C., Huang, Y.N., Qin, Y.F., Song, W.H., Sun, Y.P.: Magnetic properties and enhanced thermoelectric performance in Cu-doped Ca3Co2O6 single crystals. Curr. Appl. Phys. 17, 738–743 (2017)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Takeshita, S., Arai, J., Goko, T., Nishiyama, K., Nagamine, K.: Muon Spin Relaxation Study of partially disordered state in triangular-lattice antiferromagnet: Ca3Co2O6. J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 75, 034712 (2006)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Hardy, V., Lees, M.R., Petrenko, O.A., McK Paul, D., Flahaut, D., Ebert, S.H., Maignan, A.: Temperature and time dependence of the field-driven magnetization steps in Ca3Co2O6 single crystals. Phys. Rev. B. 70, 064424 (2004)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Maignan, A., Hardy, V., Ebert, S.H., Drillon, M., Lees, M.R., Petrenko, O., McK Paul, D., Khomskii, D.: Quantum tunneling of the magnetization in the Ising chain compound Ca3Co2O6. J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1231–1234 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Hardy, V., Flahaut, D., Lees, M.R., Petrenko, O.A.: Magnetic quantum tunneling in Ca3Co2O6 studied by ac susceptibility: Temperature and magnetic-field dependence of the spin-relaxation time. Phys. Rev. B. 70, 214439 (2004)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Wu, H., Burnus, T., Hu, Z., Martin, C., Maignan, A., Cezar, J.C., Tanaka, A., Brookes, N.B., Khomskii, D.I., Tjeng, L.H.: Ising magnetism and ferroelectricity in Ca3CoMnO6. Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 026404 (2009)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Zhang, Y., Xiang, H.J., Whangbo, M.H.: Interplay between Jahn-Teller instability, uniaxial magnetism, and ferroelectricity in Ca3CoMnO6. Phys. Rev. B. 79, 054432 (2009)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Guo, Y.J., Dong, S., Wang, K.F., Liu, J.M.: Mean-field theory for ferroelectricity in Ca3CoMnO6. Phys. Rev. B. 79, 245107 (2009)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Choi, Y.J., Yi, H.T., Lee, S., Huang, Q., Kiryukhin, V., Cheong, S.W.: Ferroelectricity in an Ising Chain Magnet. Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 047601 (2008)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Lin, L., Xie, Y.L., Liu, M.F., Guo, Y.J., Yan, Z.B., Liu, J.M.: Multiferroicity in Mn-deficient Ca3CoMnO6: The consequence of Fe substitution. J. Appl. Phys. 114, 027006 (2013)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Lin, L., Guo, Y.J., Xie, Y.L., Dong, S., Yan, Z.B., Liu, J.M.: Spin frustration destruction and ferroelectricity modulation in Ca3CoMnO6: Effects of Mn deficiency. J. Appl. Phys. 111, 07D901 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Gong, G.S., Shi, C.F., Zerihun, G., Guo, J.J., Wang, Y.Q., Qiu, Y., Su, Y.L.: Influence of the Co/Mn ratio on the magnetic order of Ca3Co1+xMn1-xO6 compounds. Mater. Res. Bull. 130, 110934 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Gong, G.S., Guo, J.J., Ma, Y.M., Zhang, Y.P., Wang, Y.Q., Su, Y.L.: Spin glass and exchange bias effect in one-dimensional frustrated compound Ca3CoMnO6. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 482, 323–328 (2019)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Scalfani, V.F., Williams, A.J., Tkachenko, V., Karapetyan, K., Pshenichnov, A., Hanson, R.M., Liddie, J.M., Bara, J.E.: Programmatic conversion of crystal structures into 3D printable files using Jmol. J Cheminformatics. 8, 66 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Ouyang, Z.W., Xia, N.M., Wu, Y.Y., Sheng, S.S., Chen, J., Xia, Z.C., Li, L., Rao, G.H.: Short-range ferromagnetic correlations in the spin-chain compound Ca3CoMnO6. Phys. Rev. B. 84, 054435 (2011)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Ruan, M.Y., Ouyang, Z.W., Sheng, S.S., Shi, X.M., Guo, Y.M., Cheng, J.J., Xia, Z.C.: High-field magnetization and ESR studies of spin-chain compound Ca3CoMnO6. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 344, 55–59 (2013)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Hardy, V., Lees, M.R., Petrenko, O.A., Mc, D., Paul, K., Flahaut, D., Hébert, S.: Phys. Rev. B. 70, 064424 (2004)

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 61571403, 11405148, and 11604281), the Doctoral Fund Project of Zhengzhou University of Light Industry (grant nos. 2015BSJJ069), and the Key Research Project of Colleges and Universities of Henan Province (20A140029 and 16A140021).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Gaoshang Gong and Yuling Su conceived, designed the study and edited the manuscript. Huiyun Hu and Chenfei Shi performed the experiments. Yongqiang Wang and Yawei Gao performed the magnetization analysis. Yaqiong Su performed the Raman analysis. Jinjin Guo and Yanmin Ma performed the structure analysis. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yuling Su.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Gong, G., Hu, H., Shi, C. et al. Effect of Ti4+ Substitution on Microstructure and Magnetic Order of Ca3CoMn1-xTixO6. J Supercond Nov Magn (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-020-05580-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • Frustration
  • One-dimension
  • Magnetization