Robust Half-Metallicity in Quaternary Heusler Compounds KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se)

Abstract

The first principle calculations based on density functional theory using full potential linearized augmented plane wave method was performed on the quaternary Heusler alloys KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se). Studies on structural properties showed that quaternary Heusler alloys KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se) were stable in YI-type structure. Furthermore, values of formation energies confirmed that these alloys may be synthesized experimentally. Verification of electronic properties resulted that KSrNO, KSrNS, and KSrNSe compounds were half-metals at equilibrium lattice constants with majority band gaps of 4.61, 3.82, and 3.51 eV, respectively. KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se) compounds maintained half-metallic behavior in relatively wide ranges of lattice constant under uniform strain distortion. This indicates that these compounds are promising materials for future spintronic applications. Furthermore, the origin of half-metallic characteristic was verified using electronic density of states. Calculations of magnetic properties showed that the total magnetic moments of KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se) were obtained equal to 2 μB satisfying the famous Slater-Pauling rule (Mtot= 12-Ztot).

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Appendix. Total energy as a function of unit cell volume for the KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se) compounds in the FM, AFM, and NM states for three structures

Appendix. Total energy as a function of unit cell volume for the KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se) compounds in the FM, AFM, and NM states for three structures

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Pourebrahim, G., Ahmadian, F. & Momeni, P. Robust Half-Metallicity in Quaternary Heusler Compounds KSrNZ (Z = O, S, and Se). J Supercond Nov Magn 32, 3305–3314 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-019-5098-0

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Keywords

  • Half-metals
  • Quaternary Heusler alloys
  • Magnetic properties
  • Electronic properties