Effect of Metal Substitution on the Magnetic Properties of Spinel Ferrites Synthesized from Zinc-Bearing Dust

  • Jian-ming Gao
  • Fangqin Cheng


This paper provides a facile way for comprehensive utilization of multi-metal-associated and intractable zinc-bearing dust to synthesize multi-metal-doped spinel ferrites. The effects of preparation conditions including mass ratios of zinc-bearing dust to MgO addition and calcination temperature on the purity of as-prepared samples were investigated in detail, as well as the effect of metal substitution on the magnetic properties of as-synthesized spinel ferrites. The results show that single-phase spinel ferrite could be obtained when the mixture with the mass ratio of zinc-bearing dust to MgO addition of 1:0.20 was calcined at 1000 C for 2 h. The saturation magnetization Ms values for Mg-substituted, Ni-substituted, and Mn-substituted ferrites are 43.2, 47.6, and 54.3 emu g− 1, respectively, which can be explained by Neel’s two sub-lattice collinear models and the cation distribution between the tetrahedron (A) sites and octahedral (B) sites of the as-prepared samples. Notably, the heavy metals leaching from the as-prepared samples are very limited compared with zinc-bearing dust. In this way, hazardous zinc-bearing dust could be comprehensively utilized to synthesize spinel ferrites with excellent magnetic properties.


Zinc-bearing dust Spinel ferrite Magnetic property Metal substitution Solid-state reaction method 



The work was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFB0603102), Shanxi Province Coal Based Low-carbon Technology Major Projects (MC2016-05) and the Program for Sanjin Scholars of Shanxi Province.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Efficient Utilization Technology of Coal Waste Resources, Shanxi Collaborative Innovation Center of High Value-Added Utilization of Coal-Related WastesShanxi UniversityTaiyuanPeople’s Republic of China

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