Advertisement

Influence of Bias Current on Off-Diagonal Magnetoimpedance in Composite Wires

  • N. A. Buznikov
Original Paper
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

The off-diagonal magnetoimpedance in a composite wire consisting of a highly conductive inner core covered by a soft magnetic layer is studied theoretically. In the presence of bias current, the field dependence of the off-diagonal magnetoimpedance becomes asymmetric due to the combination of the circular magnetic field produced by the bias current and a helical anisotropy in the magnetic layer of the composite wire. The dependences of the asymmetric off-diagonal magnetoimpedance on the external field, frequency, and bias current are investigated. It is demonstrated that the off-diagonal magnetoimpedance in composite wires has high field sensitivity and exhibits nearly linear behavior at low external fields. The influence of the wire parameters such as the anisotropy axis angle, the magnetic layer thickness, and conductivity on the field sensitivity of the off-diagonal magnetoimpedance is analyzed. The results obtained may be useful for development of weak magnetic-field sensors.

Keywords

Composite wire Magnetoimpedance Off-diagonal impedance Bias current 

References

  1. 1.
    Phan, M.-H., Peng, H.-X.: Giant magnetoimpedance materials: Fundamentals and applications. Prog. Mater. Sci. 53, 323–420 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhukov, A., Ipatov, M., Zhukova, V.: Advances in Giant Magnetoimpedance of Materials. In: Buschow, K. H. (ed.) Handbook of Magnetic Materials, vol. 24, pp. 139–236. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beach, R.S., Smith, N., Platt, C.L., Jeffers, F., Berkowitz, A.E.: Magneto-impedance effect in NiFe plated wire. Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2753–2755 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Usov, N., Antonov, A., Granovsky, A.: Theory of giant magneto-impedance effect in composite amorphous wire. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 171, 64–68 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gromov, A., Korenivski, V.: Electromagnetic analysis of layered magnetic/conductor structures. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 33, 773–779 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kurlyandskaya, G.V., Bebenin, N.G., Vas’kovskii, V.O.: Giant magnetic impedance of wires with a thin magnetic coating. Phys. Met. Metallogr. 111, 133–154 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kurlyandskaya, G.V., García-Arribas, A., Barandiarán, J.M.: Advantages of nonlinear giant magnetoimpedance for sensor applications. Sens. Actuators A 106, 234–239 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, X.P., Seet, H.L., Fan, J., Yi, J.B.: Electrodeposition and characteristics of Ni80Fe20/Cu composite wires. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 304, 111–116 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Atalay, F.E., Kaya, H., Atalay, S.: Magnetoimpedance effect of current-annealed CoNiFe/Cu microtubes. Physica B 403, 2917–2923 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Seet, H.L., Li, X.P., Ng, W.C., Chia, H.Y., Zheng, H.M., Lee, K.S.: Development of Ni80Fe20/Cu nanocrystalline composite wires by pulse-reverse electrodeposition. J. Alloys Compd. 449, 279–283 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bayri, N., Kolat, V.S., Kaya, H., Atalay, F.E., Izgi, T., Atalay, S.: Effect of tensile stress on magnetoimpedance properties of CoNiFe/Cu wire. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 175003 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    El Kammouni, R., Chlenova, A.A., Volchkov, S.O., Kurlyandskaya, G.V.: Magnetic properties and magnetoimpedance of FeCoNi/CuBe electroplated tubes with different features of field-annealing induced magnetic anisotropy. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 423, 183–190 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Atalay, F.E., Atalay, S.: Giant magnetoimpedance effect in NiFe/Cu plated wire with various plating thicknesses. J. Alloys Compd. 392, 322–328 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mishra, A.C., Sahoo, T., Srinivas, V., Thakur, A.K.: Giant magnetoimpedance in electrodeposited CoNiFe/Cu wire: A study on thickness dependence. J. Alloys Compd. 480, 771–776 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kraus, L., Chayka, O., Frait, Z., Vázquez, M.: Influence of thickness on magnetic properties of electrolytic Ni-Fe films deposited on Cu wires. IEEE Trans. Magn. 48, 1348–1351 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen, D., Li, X., Ji, X., Zhao, Q., Ruan, J., Zhao, Z.: Magnetoimpedance effect of the Ni80Fe20/Cu composite wires: the influence of DC current imposed on the Cu base. AIP Advanced 4, 067133 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang, X., Yuan, W., Zhao, Z., Li, X., Ruan, J., Yang, X.: Giant magnetoimpedance effect in CuBe/NiFeB and CuBe/Insulator/NiFeB electroless-deposited composite wires. IEEE Trans. Magn. 41, 113–115 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chen, D.L., Li, X., Pan, H.L., Luan, H.Y., Zhao, Z.J.: Magneto-impedance effect of composite wires prepared by chemical plating under DC current. Nano-Micro Lett. 6, 227–232 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Antonov, A.S., Rakhmanov, A.L., Buznikov, N.A., Prokoshin, A.F., Granovsky, A.B., Perov, N.S., Usov, N.A.: Magnetic properties and magneto-impedance of cold-drawn permalloy-copper composite wires. IEEE Trans. Magn. 35, 3640–3642 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Seet, H.L., Li, X.P., Lee, K.S., Yap, C.S.: Development of micro Ni80Fe20/Cu composite wire by cold-drawing. Thin Solid Films 505, 148–151 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Barandiarán, J.M., García-Arribas, A., Muñoz, J.L., Kurlyandskaya, G.V.: Influence of magnetization processes and device geometry on the GMI effect. IEEE Trans. Magn. 38, 3051–3056 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Antonov, A., Iakubov, I., Lagarkov, A.: Longitudinal-transverse linear transformation of the HF-current in soft magnetic materials with induced anisotropy. IEEE Trans. Magn. 33, 3367–3369 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sandacci, S., Makhnovskiy, D., Panina, L., Mohri, K., Honkura, Y.: Off-diagonal impedance in amorphous wires and its application to linear magnetic sensors. IEEE Trans. Magn. 40, 3505–3511 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ipatov, M., Chizhik, A., Zhukova, V., Gonzalez, J., Zhukov, A.: Correlation of surface domain structure and magneto-impedance in amorphous microwires. J. Appl. Phys. 109, 113924 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ipatov, M., Zhukova, V., Zhukov, A., Gonzalez, J.: Expanding the longitudinal magnetoimpedance sensor range by direct bias current. J. Appl. Phys. 113, 203902 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Panina, L.V., Mohri, K., Makhnovskiy, D.P.: Mechanism of asymmetrical magnetoimpedance in amorphous wires. J. Appl. Phys. 85, 5444–5446 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Makhnovskiy, D.P., Panina, L.V., Mapps, D.J.: Field-dependent surface impedance tensor in amorphous wires with two types of magnetic anisotropy: Helical and circumferential. Phys. Rev. B 63, 144424 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ipatov, M., Zhukova, V., Zhukov, A., Gonzalez, J., Zvezdin, A.: Low-field hysteresis in the magnetoimpedance of amorphous microwires. Phys. Rev. B 81, 134421 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Usov, N.A., Gudoshnikov, S.A.: Giant magneto-impedance effect in amorphous ferromagnetic wire with a weak helical anisotropy: Theory and experiment. J. Appl. Phys. 113, 243902 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Dufay, B., Saez, S., Dolabdjian, C., Yelon, A., Ménard, D.: Impact of electronic conditioning on the noise performance of a two-port network giant magnetoimpedance magnetometer. IEEE Sens. J. 11, 1317–1324 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhukov, A., Ipatov, M., Churyukanova, M., Talaat, A., Blanco, J.M., Zhukova, V.: Trends in optimization of giant magnetoimpedance effect in amorphous and nanocrystalline materials. J. Alloys Compd. 727, 887–901 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Landau, L.D., Lifshitz, E.M.: Electrodynamics of Continuous Media. Pergamon Press, London (1975)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ménard, D., Yelon, A.: Theory of longitudinal magnetoimpedance in wires. J. Appl. Phys. 88, 379–393 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kraus, L.: Theory of giant magneto-impedance in the planar conductor with uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 195, 764–778 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Buznikov, N.A., Antonov, A.S., Granovsky, A.B., Kim, C.G., Kim, C.O., Li, X.P., Yoon, S.S.: Current distribution and giant magnetoimpedance in composite wires with helical magnetic anisotropy. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 296, 77–88 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zhukova, V., Cobeño, A.F., Zhukov, A., Blanco, J.M., Puerta, S., González, J., Vázquez, M.: Tailoring of magnetic properties of glass-coated microwires by current annealing. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 287, 31–36 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scientific and Research Institute of Natural Gases and Gas Technologies – Gazprom VNIIGAZMoscow RegionRussia

Personalised recommendations