Effect of Barium on Morphological Transition and Magnetic and Dielectric Properties in Ferrite Nanoparticles
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Barium ferrite (BaFe2O4) nanoparticles were synthesized by auto combustion method under different weight percentages of barium. The role of barium in the behavior of spinel ferrite property is identified from this study. XRD exhibits prominent orientation of (212) for BaFe2O4 has confirmed especially in 20 and 30 wt% of barium. The addition of barium metal induced the specific vibration in FTIR spectra and such changes coincide well with the particle size. Further, the EDX spectrum reflects the atomic percentage of elemental presence in the samples of barium ferrite. Addition of barium on ferrite nanoparticles reduces the intensity of fluorescence. The morphological changes occurred due to increasing doping concentration of barium and is visualized from the FESEM and TEM images. The formation of different morphologies such as spherical, hexagonal platelets and small rectangular bar shape are observed only due to inclusion of barium at surfactant medium. The magnetic properties of the barium ferrite samples are studied by VSM. It reveals that 35.11 emu/g saturation magnetization (M s ) with 3775.08 Oe coercivity. The change in values of coercivity (H c ) from 3775.08 to 1572.95 Oe due to the variation of barium levels confirmed that the role of barium induced the hard magnetic behavior. The dielectric study also indicates the significance of barium ferrite in the variation of dielectric constant.
KeywordsBarium ferrite XRD VSM Dielectric constant
R. Dilip acknowledges Dr. R. Chandrasekhar, Professor of Chemistry, UGC Networking Centre and CIL, School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, for the use of facilities at the School of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, Telangana.
- 3.Asl, M.J.P., Ghafesemi, A., Gordani, G.R.: Adv. Mater. Res. 829, 737–741 (2014)Google Scholar