Investigation of Magnetic and Electronic Properties of Sputtered Fe/Au Multilayers

Original Paper


We present an experimental and theoretical investigation of magnetic and electronic properties of sputtered Fe/Au multilayers with an emphasis on interfacial effects. Spin-wave theory was used to simulate the change of magnetization as a function of temperature for multilayers with different Fe thicknesses, in which several fundamental magnetic parameters were extracted. The Fe thickness dependence of magnetization shows a significant increase of Fe magnetic moment at small Fe thicknesses. Close to the interface, the Fe moment is found to be 2.9 μB, which is higher than the value reported in bulk Fe (2.2 μB). It is shown that the increase in Fe moment is mainly associated with the increase of the Fe–Fe distance close to the interface due to the lattice mismatch between Fe and Au. First-principle calculations were performed as well and have supported the proposed scenario.


Multilayers Interface Exchange interaction Magnetic moment DFT KKR-CPA method 


  1. 1.
    Agra, K., Gomes, R.R., Della Pace, R.D., Dorneles, L.S., Bohn, F., Corrêa, M.A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 393, 593 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Moubah, R., Colis, S., Schleicher, F., Najjari, N., Majjad, H., Versini, G., Barre, S., Ulhaq-Bouillet, C., Schmerber, G., Bowen, M., Dinia, A.: Phys. Rev. B 82, 024415 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li, C., Freeman, A.J., Fu, C.L.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater 83, 51 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gradmann, U.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 54–57, 733 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Schneider, C.M., Bressler, P., Schuster, P.S., Kirschner, J., de Miguel, J.J., Miranda, R.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1059 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Akbulut, S., Akbulut, A., Özdemir, M., Yildiz, F.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 390, 137 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Krishnan, R., Das, A., Porte, M.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 168, 15 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuru, H., Kockar, H., Alper, M.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 373, 135 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chechenin, N.G., Chernykh, P.N., Dushenko, S.A., Dzhun, I.O., Goikhman, A.Y., Rodionova, V.V.: J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 27, 1547 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Monchesky, T.L., Enders, A., Urban, R., Myrtle, K., Heinrich, B., Zhang, X.-G., Butler, W.H., Kirschner, J.: Phys. Rev. B 71, 214440 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yang, L., Liu, B., Luo, H., Meng, F., Liu, H., Liu, E., Wang, W., Wu, G.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 382, 247 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    El Amiri, A., Moubah, R., Lmai, F., Abid, M., Hassanain, N., Hlil, E.K., Lassri, H.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 398, 86 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ebert, H.: Electronic structure and physical properties of solids. In: Dreysse, H. (ed.) Lecture Notes in Physics, vol. 535, p 191. Springer, Berlin (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moubah, R., Fnidiki, A., Omari, N., Abid, M., Hlil, E.K., Lassri, H.: J. Supercond. Nov. Magn. 28, 2149 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    van Schilfgaarde, M., Antropov, V.P.: J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4827 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    El Khiraoui, S., Sajieddine, M., Hehn, M., Robert, S., Lenoble, O., Bellouard, C., Sahlaoui, M., Benkirane, K.: Physica B 403, 2509 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zamani, A., Moubah, R., Ahlberg, M., Stopfel, H., Arnalds, U.B., Hallén, A., Hjörvarsson, B., Andersson, G., Jönsson, P.E.: J. Appl. Phys. 117, 143903 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Moruzzi, V.L., Markus, P.M., Kubler, J.: Phys. Rev. B 39, 6957 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhou, Y.-M., Zhang, W.-Q., Zhong, L.-P., Wang, D.-S.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 145, L273 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wu, R., Freeman, A.J.: Rev. Phys. B 47, 3904 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre Régional des Métiers de l’Education et de Formation (CRMEF) de Marrakech-AnnexeEssaouiraMorocco
  2. 2.LPMMAT, Faculté des Sciences Ain ChockUniversité Hassan II de CasablancaCasablancaMorocco
  3. 3.LPFA, Faculté des Sciences Ain ChockUniversité Hassan II-CasablancaCasablancaMorocco
  4. 4.Institut Néel, CNRSUniversité J. FourierGrenobleFrance

Personalised recommendations