Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 28, Issue 9, pp 2627–2635 | Cite as

Structural, Magnetic and Dielectric Properties of Bi0.9Re0.1FeO3(Re = La, Sm, Gd and Y)

  • Zhu Jian
  • N. Pavan Kumar
  • Min Zhong
  • Hu Yemin
  • P. Venugopal Reddy
Original Paper


With a view to understand the influence of rare earth ion doping on the structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of bismuth ferrite, a series of samples were prepared by the solidstate reaction method. After characterizing the samples with XRD and SEM studies, the magnetic and dielectric measurements were carried out. It is interesting to note that the two impurity phases, viz., orthorhombic Bi2Fe4O9 and cubic Bi25FeO40 observed in undoped bismuth ferrite are found to vanish with rare earth doping. Further, the remnant magnetization (M r) values are found to increase with increasing ionic radii of dopant rare earth ion. Interestingly, among all the samples, La doped BiFeO3 sample is exhibiting negative magnetization at low temperatures. The dielectric constant is found to exhibit two transitions above room temperature. Efforts have been made to explain the observed structural, magnetic and dielectric behaviours of the materials.


Magnetic materials X-ray diffraction Dielectric properties 



The senior author of the paper (Prof. P. Venugopal Reddy) acknowledges the authorities of Shanghai University, Shanghai, for providing financial support under the Ziqiang visiting professorship program to visit their university as a visiting professor and also for providing necessary facilities to carry out the entire work.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhu Jian
    • 1
  • N. Pavan Kumar
    • 2
  • Min Zhong
    • 1
  • Hu Yemin
    • 1
  • P. Venugopal Reddy
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsOsmania UniversityHyderabadIndia
  3. 3.Vidya Jyothi Institute of TechnologyHyderabadIndia

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