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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 28, Issue 9, pp 2721–2730 | Cite as

Monte Carlo Study of a Blume–Capel Mixed Thin Film with Four-Spin Interactions

  • A. Jabar
  • A. Belhaj
  • H. Labrim
  • L. Bahmad
  • N. Hassanain
Original Paper

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the Blume–Capel thin film model for mixed spins σ = 3/2 and S = 2 placed on a square lattice with four-spin interactions. In fact, we study the effect of the coupling exchange interactions in the presence of both an external and a crystal field. The ground state phase diagrams are studied for this mixed system, and the stable phases have been established. On the other hand, the magnetic properties, at non-null temperatures are investigated using the Monte Carlo simulations. In order to complete this study, we present the thermal behaviors of the hysteresis loops. The dependencies of the coercitif magnetic field on the crystal field, and/or the four-spin interaction couplings, are also discussed.

Keywords

Thin film Monte Carlo simulations Four-spin interactions Blume–Capel model Hysteresis loops 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Jabar
    • 1
  • A. Belhaj
    • 2
  • H. Labrim
    • 3
  • L. Bahmad
    • 1
  • N. Hassanain
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Magnétisme et Physique des Hautes Énergies (LMPHE-URAC 12), Faculté des SciencesUniversité Mohammed VRabatMorocco
  2. 2.Département de Physique, Faculté Poly-disciplinaireUniversité Sultan Moulay SlimaneBéni MellalMorocco
  3. 3.Centre National de l’Energiedes Sciences et des Techniques NucléairesRabatMorocco
  4. 4.Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux, Faculté des SciencesUniversité Mohammed VRabatMorocco

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