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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 28, Issue 8, pp 2465–2472 | Cite as

On the Room Temperature Ferromagnetic and Ferroelectric Properties of Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)O3

  • Shidaling Matteppanavar
  • Sudhindra Rayaprol
  • A. V. Anupama
  • Balaram Sahoo
  • Basavaraj Angadi
Original Paper

Abstract

We report the origin of room temperature (RT) ferromagnetic and ferroelectric properties of Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)O3 (PFN) ceramic sample prepared by modified solid-state reaction synthesis by a single-step method, based on X-ray diffraction (XRD), neutron diffraction (ND), Mössbauer spectroscopy and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy results. Formation of single-phase monoclinic PFN ceramic with Cm space group was confirmed by XRD and ND at RT. The morphology studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed uniform microstructure of the sample with average grain size of ∼2 μm. The ND, Mössbauer spectroscopy, MH loop and EPR studies were carried out to confirm the existence of weak ferromagnetism at RT. A clear opening of hysteresis (MH) loop is evidenced as the existence of weak ferromagnetism at RT. EPR spectrum clearly shows the ferromagnetism through a good resonance signal. The symmetric EPR line shape with g = 1.9895 observed in PFN sample was identified to be due to Fe 3+ ions. Mössbauer spectroscopy at RT shows superparamagnetic behaviour with presence of Fe in 3 + valence state. Ferroelectric PE loops on PFN at RT confirm the existing ferroelectric ordering. Our observation is in agreement with literature, and it supports that the origin of ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity is isolated, i.e. from different regions in the sample. Our results do not support the multiferroic nature of PFN at RT.

Keywords

Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)O3 Neutron diffraction Mössbauer effect Magnetization 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors (SM and BA) are thankful to UGC DAE CSR Mumbai Center Experimental Facilities and student fellowship in CSR M 159 project. Also, the authors are thankfullto V R Reddy and S K Upadhyay of UGC DAE CSR Indore Center for the ferroelectric (PE) loop measurement and discussions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shidaling Matteppanavar
    • 1
  • Sudhindra Rayaprol
    • 2
  • A. V. Anupama
    • 3
  • Balaram Sahoo
    • 3
  • Basavaraj Angadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Jnana Bharathi CampusBangalore UniversityBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.UGC-DAE-Consortium for Scientific ResearchMumbai Centre, BARC CampusMumbai –India
  3. 3.Materials Research CentreIndian Institute of Science, BangaloreBangaloreIndia

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