Magnetic and Structural Properties of Co Thin Films Evaporated on GaAs Substrate

  • M. Tinouche
  • A. Kharmouche
  • B. Aktaş
  • F. Yildiz
  • A. N. Koçbay
Original Paper


A series of thin layers of cobalt are deposited on GaAs semiconductor substrate, using thermal heating process, under a pressure of 10 −7mbar. The thickness ranges from 18 to 250 nm, values determined by X-ray reflectivity (XRR) technique, and monitored by Rigaku X-ray diffractometer. The hysteresis loops are performed by means of Physical Property Measurement System (PPMS) with Quantum Design Instrument. All the samples are polycrystalline and present a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure, some films being under stress. The hysteresis loops display magnetization curves for ferromagnetic samples with the easy axis in the plane of the film. Coercivity seems to depend closely on surface roughness and crystallite size. The lowest value of H c, equals to 13 Oe, is related to the smoothest film with a raw mean square (rms) value equal to 0.1 nm, and the smallest stress (0.33 %). Samples with larger crystallites size have larger coercive fields.


Thin films Co X-ray reflectivity X-ray diffraction Hysteresis curves 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Tinouche
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Kharmouche
    • 1
  • B. Aktaş
    • 3
  • F. Yildiz
    • 3
  • A. N. Koçbay
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Etudes des Surfaces et Interfaces des Matériaux Solides (L.E.S.I.M.S.), Department of PhysicsUniversity Sétif1SétifAlgeria
  2. 2.Faculté de BiologieUniversité Abderrahmane MiraBéjaïaAlgeria
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsGebze Institute of Technology, ÇayirovaKocaeliTurkey

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