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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 2795–2801 | Cite as

Synthesis and Characterization of Pure Single Phase BiFeO3 Nanoparticles by the Glyoxylate Precursor Method

  • S. Shabani
  • S. M. Mirkazemi
  • S. M. Masoudpanah
  • P. Taheri Dolat Abadi
Original Paper

Abstract

Perovskite-type BiFeO 3 nanoparticles have been synthesized by thermal decomposition of glyoxylate precursor. The effects of different thermal decomposition temperatures (300–600 °C) on the phase evolution, morphology, and physical properties were investigated by thermal analysis, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and UV–Vis spectroscopy methods. The high purity bismuth ferrite nanoparticles synthesized at 600 °C showed the weak ferromagnetism behavior, due to the size confinement effect. Furthermore, the BiFeO 3 nanoparticles also exhibited strong absorption in the visible region with the lowest band gap of about 2.08 eV.

Keywords

Thermal decomposition BiFeO3 Magnetic properties Band gap 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Shabani
    • 1
  • S. M. Mirkazemi
    • 1
  • S. M. Masoudpanah
    • 1
  • P. Taheri Dolat Abadi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Metallurgy & Materials EngineeringIran University of Science and Technology (IUST)TehranIran

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