Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 2779–2786 | Cite as

Investigation of Magnetic Entropy Change and Griffiths-like Phase in La0.65Ca0.35MnO3 Nanocrystalline

  • Lisha Xu
  • Zhiyue Chen
  • Xiyuan Zhang
  • Yangguang Shi
  • Yan Zhu
  • Daning Shi
  • Lei Zhang
  • Li Pi
  • Yuheng Zhang
  • Jiyu Fan
Original Paper


In this paper, we reported a detailed study of magnetic properties and magnetic entropy change of La 0.65Ca0.35MnO3 nanocrystalline, which was prepared by using the sol–gel method. The structural analysis shows that the nanocrystalline sample crystalizes in orthorhombic perovskite structure and the average size is about 30 nm. Based on the measurements of magnetization, a larger effective magnetic moment was obtained and an obvious deviation of the inverse magnetic susceptibility was observed, indicating the presence of Griffiths-like phase in paramagnetic region. Around the temperature of paramagnetic–ferromagnetic phase transition, the magnetocaloric effect (as represented by the magnetic entropy change) was determined from isothermal magnetization and calculated with Maxwell relation. Compared with bulk polycrystalline, the obtained magnetic entropy change in nanocrystalline is small. This result clearly reveals that the decrease of the sample’s size to nanoscale is detrimental for the increase of magnetocaloric effect of magnetic materials. Besides the particle size and surface effect, the paramagnetic–ferromagnetic phase transition driven from first to second order should be a main reason for the small magnetocaloric effect in La 0.65Ca0.35MnO3 nanocrystalline.


Manganite Magnetocaloric effect Nanocrystalline Phase transitions 



This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 11004196, 11204131, 11204270, and U1332140).


  1. 1.
    Zhang, X.X., Taiada, J., Xin, Y., Sunm, G.F., Wong, K.W., Bohigas, X.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3596 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gordon, J.E., Fisher, R.A., Jia, Y.X., Phillips, N.E., Reklis, S.F., Wright, D.A., Zettl, A.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 177, 856 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bohigas, X., Tejada, J., Del Barco, E., Zhang, X.X., Sales, M.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 390 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bohigas, X., Del Barco, E., Sales, M., Tejada, J.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 196, 455 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dankov, S.Y., Tishin, A.M., Pecharsky, V.K., Gschneidner Jr, K.A.: Phys. Rev. B 57, 3478 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pecharsky, V.K., Gschneidner, K.A.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4494 (1997)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pecharsky, V.K., Gschneidner, K.A.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3299 (1997)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wada, H., Tanabe, Y.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3302 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tegus, Q., Bruck, E., Buschow, K.H., de Boer, F.R.: Nature 415, 150 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang, F.W., Zhang, X.X., Hu, F.X.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1360 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Phan, M.H., Yu, S.C., Magn, J.: Magn. Mater. 308, 325 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    von Helmolt, R., Wecker, J., Holzapfel, B., Schultz, L., Samwer, K.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2331 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jin, S., Tiefel, T.H., McCormack, M., Fastnacht, R.A., Ramesh, R., Chen, L.H.: Science 264, 413 (1994)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rao, C.N.R., Cheetham, A.K.: Science 276, 911 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mori, S., Chen, C.H., Cheong, S-W.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3972 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    DeGennes, E.P.G.: Phys. Rev. 118, 141 (1960)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Goodenough, J.B.: Phys. Rev. 171, 466 (1968)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Phan, M.H., Peng, H.X., Yu, S.C.: J. Appl. Phys. 97, 10M306 (2005)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sarkar, T., Ghosh, B., Raychaudhuri, A.K., Szewczyk, T.C., Gutowska, M., Dabrowski, B., Plackowski, T., Danilova, N.P., Gaidukov, Y.P.: Phys. Rev. B 71, 224432 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rebello, A., Naik, V.B., Mahendiran, R.: J. Appl. Phys. 110, 013906 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rubi, K., Kumar, P., Maheswar Repaka, D., Chen, Ruofan, Shen, Jian-Wang, Mahendiran, R.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 032407 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Moya, X., Hueso, L.E., Maccherozzi, F., Tovstolytkin, A.I., Podyalovskii, D.I., Ducati, C., Phillips, L.C., Ghidini, M., Hovorka, O., Berger, A., Vickers, M.E., Defay, E., Dhesi, S.S., Mathur, N.D.: Nat. Mater. 12, 52 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sarkar, T., Ghosh, B., Raychaudhuri, A.K., Chatterji, T.: Phys. Rev. B 77, 235112 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Amirzadeh, P., Ahmadvand, H., Kameli, P., Aslibeiki, B., Salamati, H., Gamzatov, A.G., Aliev, A.M., Kamilov, I.K.: J. Appl. Phys. 113, 123904 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lampen, P., Bingham, N.S., Phan, M.H., Kim, H., Osofsky, M., Piqué, A., Phan, T.L., Yu, S.C., Srikanth, H.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 062414 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Salamon, M.B., Lin, P., Chun, S.H.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 197203 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Fan, Jiyu, Li, Pi, He, Yan, Ling, Langsheng, Dai, Jixia, Zhang, Yuheng: J. Appl. Phys. 101, 123910 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Deisenhofer, J., Braak, D., Krug von Nidda, H.A., Hemberger, J., Eremina, R.M., Ivanshin, V.A., Balbashov, A.M., Jug, G., Loidl, A., Kimura, T., Tokura, Y.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257202 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lu, W.J., Luo, X., Hao, C.Y., Song, W.H., Sun, Y.P.: J. Appl. Phys 104, 113908 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Franco, V., Conde, A.: Int. J. Refrig. 33, 465 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Banerjee, S.K.: Phys. Lett. 12, 16 (1964)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bonilla, C.M., Herrero-Albillos, J., Bartolome, F., Garcia, L.M., Parra-Borderias, M., Franco, V.: Phys. Rev. B 81, 224424 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Franco, V., Blazquez, J.S., Conde, A.: Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 222512 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Franco, V., Conde, A., Romero-Enrique, J.M., Blazquez, J.S.: J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20, 285207 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Amaral, V.A., Amaral, J.S.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 272, 2104 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Amaral, J.S., Reis, M.S., Amaral, V.A., Mendonca, T.M., Araúji, J.P., Sá, M.A., Tvares, P.B., Vieira, J.M.: J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 290, 686 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Fan, J., Pi, L., Zhang, L., Tong, W., Ling, L., Hong, B., Shi, Y., W. Zhang, Lu, D., Y. Zhang: Physica B 406, 2289 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisha Xu
    • 1
  • Zhiyue Chen
    • 1
  • Xiyuan Zhang
    • 1
  • Yangguang Shi
    • 1
  • Yan Zhu
    • 1
  • Daning Shi
    • 1
  • Lei Zhang
    • 2
  • Li Pi
    • 2
  • Yuheng Zhang
    • 2
  • Jiyu Fan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied PhysicsNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of SciencesHefeiChina

Personalised recommendations