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Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

, Volume 26, Issue 12, pp 3423–3435 | Cite as

Gate Voltage Tuned Quantum Superconductor to Insulator Transition in an Ultrathin Bismuth Film Revisited

  • T. Schneider
  • S. Weyeneth
Original Paper

Abstract

We explore the implications of Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) critical behavior and variable-range hopping on the two-dimensional (2D) quantum superconductor–insulator (QSI) transition driven by tuning the gate voltage. To illustrate the potential and the implications of this scenario we analyze sheet resistance data of Parendo et al. taken on a gate voltage tuned ultrathin amorphous bismuth film. The finite size scaling analysis of the BKT-transition uncovers a limiting length L preventing the correlation length to diverge and to enter the critical regime deeply. Nevertheless the attained BKT critical regime reveals consistency with two parameter quantum scaling and an explicit quantum scaling function determined by the BKT correlation length. The two parameter scaling yields for the zero temperature critical exponents of the QSI-transition the estimates \(z\overline{\nu }\simeq 3/2\), z≃3 and \(\overline{\nu} \simeq 1/2\), revealing that hyperscaling is violated and in contrast to finite temperature disorder is relevant at zero temperature. Furthermore, \(z\overline{\nu }\simeq 3/2\) is also consistent with the two variable quantum scaling form associated with a variable-range hopping controlled insulating ground state.

Keywords

Superconducting films Quantum phase transition Two parameter scaling Superconductor insulator transition 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physik-Institutder Universität ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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