Analysis of Nonlinearities in Superconducting Microstrip Straight Bends; FDTD Method in Comparison with Nonlinear Circuit Modeling
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This paper presents the prediction of nonlinearities in the superconducting microstrip straight bends in microwave frequencies based on two different methods; FDTD simulation as a numerical approach, and nonlinear circuit modeling as an analytical method. In the FDTD method, the superconducting microstrip structures are simulated with London’s equations. In the simulation, the penetration depth and normal conducting coefficient are considered as functions of current density of superconductor. To simulate the thin strip of superconductor, a non-uniform mesh has been used. For the nonlinear circuit modeling, we use distributed RLGC parameters for superconducting microstrip transmission lines. These parameters are considered as functions of the current distribution. This yields an equivalent nonlinear circuit model for bends. The final equivalent nonlinear circuit is analyzed using the harmonic balance (HB) method. Different straight bend structures have been considered and the two methods’ results are compared.
KeywordsFDTD nonlinear simulation High temperature superconductor Straight bends Nonlinear circuit modeling
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